ch1. science and marine biology

17 terms by mommybritt32709 

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marine biology

The study of living organisms that inhabit the seas and of their interactions with each other and their enviorment

control set

the trial set in an experiment that does not contain the experimental variable.

experimental set

the trill set in an experiment that contains the experimental variable

Observational science

science in which hypotheses are supported or denied in the basis of observations alone rather than controlled experiments

Contributions of Aristotle on marine biology

He developed a classification which he called "ladder of life" had descriptions of over 500 species. Also figured out that gills helped fish breath and detailed the anatomy of the cuttlefish

hypothesis

an explanation for observed events that can be tested by experiments

Plankton

organisms that float or drift in the seas current

inductive reasoning

a process of reasoning whereby a general explanation is derived from a series of observations

Approximately how much of the earth is covered by oceans?

71%

philny the elder and contributions to marine bio

37 volume of "natural history" contains info about terrestrial animals and fish and bivalves (shellfish)

theory

represents a body of observations and experimental support have stood the test of time

ocean productivity

the production of organic matter by photosynthetic and chemo synthetic marine organisms

deductive reasoning

a process of reasoning in which observations suggest a general principle from which a specific statement can be derived.

experimental variable

the trial set in an experiment that contains the experiemtnal variable

oceanography

the study of the oceans and their phenomena such as waves currents and tides.

steps of scientific method

1) making observations
2) using inductive reasoning to form a hypothesis
3) using deductive reasoning to design experiments
4) gathering results
5) drawing conclusions

3 accomplishments of charles darwin

produced monograph on barnacles that is still used today.
made theory of organisms adapting acceptable.
wrote a book about natural selection

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