The Political and Social system that existed in France before the French Revolution
15 sovereign courts in the french judicial system that checked the king's ability to tax and legislate arbitrarily
assembly of the estates of all France
Cahiers de doleance
list of complaints that the third estate representative brought when Louis XVI call the estates general
Tennis Court Oath
Declaration mainly by members of the Third Estate not to disband until they had drafted a constitution for France (June 20, 1789).
Committee of Public Safety
Established and led by Robespierre, fixed bread prices and nationalized some businesses. Basically secret police and also controlled the war effort. Instigated the Reign of Terror.
Reign of Terror
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed
Night of August 4, 1789
A surprise maneuver on Versailles by the peasants who were rebelling against the incredibly high grain prices. The chaos accompanied by the demands for food were finally alleviated by the Duke of Aiguillion who urged equality in taxation. Later, with old exaction and taxation being removed from the peasantry, the rural poor only sought to protect their triumph with the progressing revolution.
form of paper money
French nobility who fled country to escape the Revolution
in the French Revolution, a radical group made up of Parisian wage-earners, and small shopkeepers who wanted a greater voice in government, lower prices, and an end of food shortages
Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
Women wanted to be added into the declaration.
Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794. (See also Robespierre, Maximilien.) (p. 588)
levee en mass
committee's plan to distribute wealth and control the economy with set price for wages
During the Terror, The Catholic Church was linked to real or potential counter-revolutions. Religion was linked with the Ancient Regime, and Superstition, and so the Committee of Public Safety enacted measures to reduce its influence. IT included: New Calendar, aboloishment of Religious holidays, new names for months, 7-day weeks replaced with 10-day decades.
A French political leader of the eighteenth century. A Jacobin, he was one of the most radical leaders of the French Revolution. He was in charge of the government during the Reign of Terror, when thousands of persons were executed without trial. After a public reaction against his extreme policies, he was executed without trial.
French foreign minister, Offered all of Louisiana to Americans; also involved in XYZ affair
A political party that emerged in revolutionary France after the fall of the monarchy in 1792 when the jacobins split into two factions. Named for the region in southwestern France where many of their leaders were from. They were members of the professional class (lawyers and merchants) who wanted a constitutional governemnt, opposed the growing influence of Parisian miltants, and championed the smaller provinces bewond the city of Paris. They agreed the king was guilty of treason but were reluctant to execute him, arguing for exile or a referendum on his fate. They were first to be targeted as the beginning of the Terror.