ap human geography unit 3

60 terms by amitalegaonkar 

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Acculturation

when one group of people adopt the culture traits of another culture

Assimilation

the process whereby a minority group gradually adopts the customs and attitudes of the prevailing culture

Cultural Adaptation

new people adapt to the culture of the previously existing people

Cultural Ecology

the place and location of a specific culture based on ecology

Cultural Landscape

the landscape in which people have affected by cultural means

Culture Realm

a group of culture traits

Culture Region

group of culture realms, in formal, functional, and vernacular

Diffusion Types

expansion and relocation, expansion is the expanding, and relocating is moving

Maladaptive Diffusion

Diffusion of a process with negative side effects or What works well in one region may not in another

Sequence Occupancy

Refers to such cultural succession and its lasting imprint proposed by Derwent Whittlesey

Adaptive Strategies

strategies that make people adapt to the prevailing culture

Folk Culture

a prevailing culture in a homogeneous population

Popular Culture

a culture that is always changing by a heterogeneous population

Creole

a formalized pidgin language

Dialect

variant of a language

Indo-European Languages

Romance and Germanic languages spoken by about 50% of the world's population

Isogloss

geographical boundary lines where linguistic features meet

Language Family

and group of languages with the same proposed hearth

Language Group

a grouping of languages by geographers based on similarities, etc.

Language Subfamily

a section of a language family

Lingua Franca

an international language used for trade and commerce

Monolingual/Multilingual

mono- one language, multi- more than one language

Official Language

the main language spoken by a country

Pidgin

a language that is just a mix of several languages

Toponym

a name for a place

Animism

Most prevalent in Africa and the Americas, the doctrine saying that the world is infused through spirits, and supernatural powers

Buddhism

a religion stating that there is no god, and that the path to happiness is self-realization

Christianity

monotheistic religion that is most adopted in the world that believes in Christ

Confucianism

the religion that follows a set of philosophies

Ethnic Religion

religion that is adopted mainly by people of one race

Exclave/Enclave

An enclave is a country or part of a country mostly surrounded by the territory of another country; an exclave is one, which is geographically separated from the main part by surrounding alien territory.

Fundamentalism

literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion.

Geomancy

is a method of prediction that interprets markings on the ground, or how handfuls of dirt land when someone tosses them. The Arabic tradition consists of sketching sixteen random lines of dots in sand.

Hajj

the pilgrimage to Mecca for Islam followers, it's the fifth of the five pillars

Sunni/Shiite

the two branches of the Muslim religion, divided by a conflict over the prophet

Taoism

religion based on Chinese philosophy

Universalizing

the spreading of a religion worldwide

Zoroastrianism

is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster

Hinduism

Created in India, approximately one billion followers. Unlike other religions, heaven isn't always the ultimate goal in life. Third largest in world behind Christianity and Islam. Talk about Karma (what goes around comes around.)

Interfaith Boundaries

boundary that separates two religious views

Islam

means the submission to the will of god, also monotheistic religion originating with the teachings of Muhammad, a key religious figure

Jainism

religion and philosophy originating in ancient India. Stresses spiritual independence and equality throughout all life

Judaism

It is the religion of ancient Hebrews, said to be one of the first monotheistic faiths

Monotheistic/Polytheistic

mono- one god, poly-many gods

Mormonism

a branch of Amish Christianity that allows men to have several wives

Muslim pilgrimage

If physically and financially able, a Muslim makes a pilgrimage to Mecca, they usually make the trip around Ramadan, this pilgrimage is also referred to as Hajj

Proselytic Religion

Referred to as a Universalizing Religion, which is an attempt to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just to those of one culture or location

Reincarnation

birth after death

Secularism

this is the belief that humans should be based on facts and not religious beliefs

Shamanism

this is the range of traditional beliefs and practices that claim the ability to cure, heal, and cause pain to people

Sharia Law

it is the legal framework within which public and some private aspects of life are regulated for those living in a legal system based on Muslim principles

Shintoism

said to be the way of god. It is the native religion of Japan and was once its state religion. It involves the worship of kami (a god). Not very significant anymore and lost importance to today

Sikhism

a combination of Hinduism and Islam

Acculturation

Process of adopting only certain customs that will be to their advantage

Assimilation

the succession of one race into another

Dowry Death

death of a wife over the families offer off to marriage

Ethnic Cleansing

an attempt to remove all the people of one race or ethnicity

Ethnocentrism

the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of one's own culture

Enfranchisement

suffrage

Infanticide

is the practice of someone intentionally causing the death of an infant

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