5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- New Papists
- Catherine of Aragon
- Anglican Church
- Wet Nursing
- a A ruler who suppresses his or her religious designs for his or her kingdom in favor of political expediency. Examples: Elizabeth I (England), Henry IV (France).
- b The hiring of a servant, often with little or no contract, to nurse the child of the hiring, and more wealthy family at the expense of her own newly born child. This became a very wide-spread and flourishing business all over Europe in the 18th century. The nurses needed the money that many upper class women would gladly provide for the freedom from such a tiring and unsightly chore as nursing. [p. 667]
- c religious group who were catholic and were followers of the pope
- d Form of Protestantism set up in England after 1534; established by Henry VIII with himself as head, at least in part to obtain a divorce from his first wife; became increasingly Protestant following Henry's death
- e first wife of Henry VIII
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- prince of Orange; leader of Dutch and helps them try to break away from Philip II's Catholic rule
- 1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
- An English architect of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. He designed many buildings in London for the large rebuilding effort that followed the city's "Great Fire" of 1666. Saint Paul's Cathedral is his best-known work.
- the Roman Catholic doctrine that the whole substance of the bread and the wine changes into the substance of the body and blood of Christ when consecrated in the Eucharist
- The throwing of Catholic officials from a castle window in Bohemia. Started the Thirty Years' War.
5 True/False Questions
Ignatius of Loyola → (1491-1556) Spanish churchman and founder of the Jesuits (1534); this order of Roman Catholic priests proved an effective force for reviving Catholicism during the Catholic Reformation.
John Knox → Swiss theologian (born in France) whose tenets (predestination and the irresistibility of grace and justification by faith) defined Presbyterianism, created Calvinism (1509-1564)
Henry III → (1491-1547) King of England from 1509 to 1547; his desire to annul his marriage led to a conflict with the pope, England's break with the Roman Catholic Church, and its embrace of Protestantism. Henry established the Church of England in 1532.
30 Years' War → son of Henry II of France and the last Valois to be king of France (1551-1589)
Rembrandt → Dutch painter, who painted portraits of wealthy middle-class merchants and used sharp contrasts of light and shadow to draw attention to his focus