C-6 Vocaabulary

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Alvin C. York

1887-1964 War hero from World War 1, known for his bravery and expert shooting

Cuba

Largest country in the West Indies; America helped them get independence from Spain

Puerto Rico

Island in the West Indies; America helped them get independence from Spain

Panama Canal

Canal through the Isthmus of Panama, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans

William Seward

1801-1872 Secratary of state from 1861 to 1869. He negotiated the United States' purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1867.

Hawaii

United States took over, it later became a state; group of islands (volcanic) in the central Pacific ocean that became a state in 1959

Teddy Roosevelt

1858-1919 26th President of the United States, from 1901-1909. Lead a group of soldiers called the Rough Riders during the Spanish-American War. As president, he established national forests and parks.

Walter Reed

1851-1902 United States Army doctor and medical researcher who proved diseases such as yellow fever and malaria are spread by mosquitoes.

Yellow Journalism

false or exaggerated reporting

Rough Riders

Volunteer soldiers led by Theodore Roosevelt during the Spanish-American War

Buffalo Soldiers

Nickname for African-American soldiers who fought in the wars against Native Americans living on the Great Plains during the 1870s

Isthmus

a narrow strip of land that connects two larger areas

John Muir

1838-1914 Naturalist and conservationist who helped establish Sequoia and Yosemite national parks

trust

large companies with the power to drive out competition in an industry

Progressives

Reformers who worked to stop unfair practices by businesses and improve the way the government works

muckraker

Writer or journalist of the early 1900s who uncovered shameful conditions in business and other areas of American life

conservation

protection and careful use of natural resources

Serbia

country in Southern Europe where Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was assassinated, leading to World War 1

Woodrow Wilson

1856-1924 28th President of the United States, from 1913 to 1921; led the United States during World War 1

Eddie Rickenbacker

1890-1973 Pilot for the United States Army who shot down several German planes during World War 1

World War 1

War fought from 1914 to 1918 between the Central and Allied Powers. The United States joined the Allied Powers in 1917, helping them to victory

alliance

agreement among nations to defend one another

league of nations

international organization formed after World War 1 to help prevent wars

Blue Laws

Laws introduced by Progressives in the early 1900s designed to solve social problems like alcohol abuse

Austria-Hungary

country in south central Europe that declared war on Serbia, starting World War 1

Versailles

city in north central France, where treaty was signed ending World War 1

John J. Pershing

1860-1948 Army general who lead American forces in Europe during World War1

Nationalism

Love of country and the desire to have one's country free from the control of another

Isolationism

Policy in which a country prefers to remain neutral and let other countries handle their own affairs

Treaty of Versailles

treaty signed in 1919 that officially ended World War 1

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