Using charcters or story elements symbolicaly to represent an abstraction in addition to the literal meaning
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage.
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them
A thing or event that precedes.
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
address to an absent or imaginary person
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the authors choice of objecs that are described
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb. An independent, or main, clause expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. A dependent, or subordinate, clause cannot stand alone as a sentence and must be accompanied by an independent clause.
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing.
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extnded metaphoror suprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning.
The strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
Related to style. The writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
Teaching especially of moral or ethical principles
Good speech;more agreeable or less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept
a metaphor developed at great length, occuring frequently in or throughout a work
writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
Figure of speech
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things
This term describes traditions for each genre.
The major category into which a literary work fits. The basic divisions of literature are prose, poetry, and dama.
Sermon; it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice.
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement. Hyperboles often have a comic effect; however a seriouseffect is also possibe. Hyperbole produces irony at the same time.
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions.
To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented.
An emtionally vioent, verba denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language
The difference between what appears to be and what is actually true. Verbal irony, Situatuional irony, and dramatic irony.
A type of sentence in which the main idea comes first, followe by the dependent grammatical units such as phrases an clauses.
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
"changed label" or "substitute name". A figure of speech in which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it.
the overall emotion created by a work of literature
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of the words.
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
a self-contradictory statement that on closer examination proves true; a person or thing with seemingly contradictory qualities
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, or bookish.
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end.
A figure of speech i which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate objects by giving them human attributes or emotions.
Point of view
The perspective from which a story is told
follows a linking verb and describes the subject
a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and renames or identifies the subject
Refers to fiction and nonfiction, including all its forms,because they are written in ordinary language and most closely resemble everday speech.
The duplication, either exact or approximate, of any element of language, such as a sound, word, phrase, clause, sentence, or gramatical pattern.
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially in public speaking)
The variety, the conventions, and the purposes of the major kinds of writing. Purpose of exposition, the purpose of argumentation, the purpose of description, the purpose of narration.
Bitter, caustic languge that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something.
A work that targets human vices and follics or social insitutions and conventions for reform or ridicule
The branch of linguistics that studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological developmetn, their connotations, and their relation to one another
a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period
The word or clause that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by renaming it or describing it.
a clause in a complex sentence that cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and that functions within the sentence as a noun or adjective or adverb
A deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably leadto a sound conclusion.
Anything that represents, stands for, something else.
The way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences.
The central idea or message of a work, the insight it offers into life.
The sentence or group of sentences that directly expresses the author's opinion, purpose, meaning, or proposition.
Describes the author's attitude toward his orher material, tha audience, or both.
A word or phrase that links different ideas.
The ironic minimalizing of the fac, understatement presents something as less significant than it is.
Intellectually amusing language that suprises and delights.