refers to the enduring patterns of thinking and behavior that define a person and sitinguish him or her from other people
axis 2. emphasize the duration of the pattern and the social impairment associated with the traits in question, actions that deviate from the persons culture.
the ideas and impulses with which they are associated are acceptable to the person. (personality disorders)
most important motives in understanding personality
power and affiliation
refers to a persons most basic characteristic styles of relating to the world
5 factor model of personality
provides a relativly comprehensive desciption of any persons behavior. 5 principle domains
includes three disorders. paraniod, schizoid and schizotypal. Odd, eccentric or Asocial behavior.
paraniod personality disorder
pervasive tendency to be inappropriatly suspicous of other peoples motives and behaviors. constantly on guard, overreacting typically involves agressive behavior.
schizoid personality disorder
pervasice pattern of indifference to other people, coupled witha diminished range of emotional experiance and expression. Loners. prefer social isolation.
schizotypal personality disorder
centers around peculiar patterns of behavior rather than on the emotional restiction and social withdrawl. bizaar fantasies, unusual conceptual experiances. use words in an odd way.
antisocial,borderline,histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders. characterized by dramatic, emotions or erratic behavior and difficulty sustaining interpersonal relationships
antisocial personality disorder
persistant pattern of irresponcible and antisocial behavior that begins during childhood or adolescence and continues into the adult years. violates rights of others. persistant failure to perform reponcibilites. conflict with others, irritable and aggressive. impulsive and reckless.
borderline personality disorder
essential feature is a pervasive pattern of instability in mood and interpersonal relationships. Difficult to be alone. manipulative. temper tantrums, physical assault, and suicidal threats or gestures. identity disturbance is important. can not maintain an image of oneself.
histrionic personality disorder
characterized by pervasive pattern of excessive emoinality and attention seeking behavior. thirve on being the center of attention. self centered and vain. demanding. constantly seek approval of others. inappropriatly sexually seductive or provocative. inappropriate exaggeration. overlaps with other perosnality disorders esp. BPD. shallow.
narcissitic personality disorder
pervasive pattern of grandiosity need for admiration, and inablilty to empathize with other people, peroccupied with their own acheievments and abilities. overlaps with BPD. inflated self importance.
avoidant, dependent, and obsessive compulsive personality disorders. Anxiety or fearfulness is the main characteristics
avoidant personality disorder
characterized by a pervasive pattern of social discomfort, fear of negative evaluation, and timidity. socially isolated, afraid of critisim. want to be liked by others but are extremly shy. dif from social phobia because they have more trouble realting to other people.
dependant personality disorder
pervasive pattern of submissive and clinging behavior. unable to make evryday decisions on there own. feel anxious when they r alone. easily hurt. lacking self confidence.have trouble being alone or seperting from other people.
obsessive compulsive personality disorder
defined by a pervasive pattern of oderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal control. workaholics, intolerant of emotional behavior of other people.
dilectical behavior therapy
combines the use of boradly based behavioral strategies with the more general principles of supportive psychotherapy
descrives antisocial personality discorder. the psychopath is a person who is intelligent and superficially charming but is also chronically decietful, unrealiable, and incapable of learning and expericance.
two primary forms of antisocial disorder
transeient and nontransient.
moffits theory of antisocial
suggest that as people get older, they may find outlets for new aggression, impulsive behavior and callous disregard for eachother