a reference in literature to a familiar person, place, thing, or event.
giving hints and clues of what is to come later in a story.
a difference between what is expected to happen and what actually happens
a 14 line poem with a strict pattern of rhythm, rhyme scheme
character who provides strong contrast to another character
a speech delivered by a character when he or she is alone on stage in which his or her private thoughts and feelings are revealed
when two words are next to each other that have opposite meanings, but they create a new meaning
a play on words used in such a way as to suggest more than one possible meaning.
a character who experiences an inner struggle because of a character flaw.
a literary device in which the author speaks of or describes an animal, object, or idea as if it were a person
an exaggeration, or overstatement
the main character or hero of the story
poetic meter in which each line has ten syllables: an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable
a comment that a character makes directly to the audience which the other characters on stage do not hear
a play in which a main character suffers a downfall usually ending in death
the audience knows something that the actors on stage do not
unrhymed verse written in a meter known as iambic pentameter
when something stands for something else
comparison of two unlike things in which no word of comparison is used
the words or phrases a writer selects to create a certain picture in the reader's mind
a term for an often-repeated idea or theme in literature
a poem's rhythmical pattern
a pair of rhyming lines, such as the last two lines of a sonnet
a metaphor that directly compares two unlike things over the course of a paragraph, stanza or entire literary selection
the person or thing working against the protagonist, or hero, of the work
the outcome is the opposite of what is expected
the character says one thing and means another
a comparison of two or more similar objects, suggesting that if they are alike in certain respects, they will probably be alike in other ways as well
when words are repeated in sequence
a comparison of two unlike things using 'as' or 'like'