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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. What is the probability of a penny coming up heads when flipped?
  2. Principle of Segregation
  3. What happens during each phase of Meiosis II?
  4. How are different forms of a gene passed to offspring?
  5. Homozygous
  1. a having two identical alleles for a trait
  2. b 50%
  3. c states that the pair of alleles for each parent seperate and only one allele passes from each parent to an offspring
  4. d During prophase, the chromosomes become visible. During metaphase, the chromosomes line up in the middle of the cell. During anaphase, the chromatids seperate. During telophase and cytokinesis, four new haploid cells are formed.
  5. e When gametes are made, the alleles for each trait seperate from each other. That way each gamete carries only one allele for each gene.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. A hybrid is the offspring that crosses between parents with different traits.
  2. specific characteristic of an individual
  3. Situation in which the phenotypes produced by both alleles are completely expressed
  4. separation of alleles
  5. They predict the traits of the offspring of the genetic crosses.

5 True/False questions

  1. Polygenic traitsThe scientific study of heredity


  2. What are some exceptions to Mendel's principles?Traits can be controlled by incomplete alleles and codominant alleles, or by genes with more than two possible alleles. Traits can also be controlled by several genes.


  3. How can we use probability to predict traits?Punnett squares use probability to predict the combinations of alleles in a genetic cross.


  4. Diploidterm used to refer to a cell that contains only a single set of genes


  5. Why did Mendel use pea plants for his model organism?They are small and are easy to grow


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