The transformation of the Italo-Byzantine style can be detected in the 'Virgin and Child Enthroned' (Fig. 17-5) by _____.
A.) Andrea Pisano
B.) Christine de Pizan
ANSWER: D (Cimabue)
Cimabue, an artist working in _____, was one of the first to demonstrate the shift to a more modern painting style.
ANSWER: A (Florence)
Which of the following does NOT apply to Giotto's frescoes of the Scrovegni Chapel (Fig. 17-7)?
A.) Their placement complements the building's architectural details.
B.) They are organized to creat symmetrical pairings that encourage viewers to relate biblical events.
C.) They distill complex narratives into compelling moments.
D.) They emphasize human emotion in their details.
ANSWER: A (Their placement complements the building's architectural details)
Which of the following was NOT a reason for the building of the Scrovegni Chapel (Fig. 17-7)?
A.) To atone for the Scrovegni family's sins.
B.) To show the patron's power and sophistication.
C.) To mark the site of an ancient Roman ruin.
D.) To have a private chapel at the Scrovegni residence.
ANSWER: C (To mark the site of an ancient Roman ruin)
How does GIotto's 'Virgin and Child Enthroned" (Fig. 17-6) differ from Cimabue's earlier version of the same subject?
A.) He eliminates the gold folds of mary's drapery.
B.) Christ sits on her lap
C.) The figures appear as solid, blocky forms
D.) All of the above
ANSWER: C (The figures appear as solid, blocky forms)
Which of the following probably influenced Giotto in the emphasis on human empathy and emotion in his painting?
A.) His study with Cimabue
B.) The writings of Cennino Cennini
C.) His work at the church of St. Francis of Assissi
D.) All of the above
ANSWER: D (All of the above)
Which of the following themes is NOT found in Giotto's program of frescoes decorating the Scrovegni Chapel (Fig. 17-7)?
A.) Scenes from Dante's Inferno
B.) The virtues and vices
C.) Scenes from the life of Mary
D.) The Last Judgment
ANSWER: A (Scenes from Dante's Inferno
Discuss the achievements of Giotto
Giotto was a shepherd boy who learned from Cimabue advancing to and surpassing Cimabue's own talents by his foreshortening and his creation of shadows.