US History Ch. 3-5 Set 3 (midterm 2012)

Created by griswold Teacher

Fighting began in Lexington and Concord when British troops

came to arrest colonial leaders and take colonial weapons

At the beginning of the American Revolution, the British had this advantage

They British had a more weapons and more ships

Battles on the frontier were mostly between

Patriots and Native Americans

Why was the Battle of Bunker Hill a Patriot victory?

The British lost twice as many troops

The Patriots began to feel they could win the war after

The Battle of Saratoga

Spanish attacks on British forts in the South

drew British troops away from battles with Patriots

This contributed to British defeat in the South

The British did not support the Loyalist militias adequately

Treaty of Paris 1783

Treaty that officially ended the Revolutionary war,

The Treaty of the Paris

Ceded far more land to the United States than the colonies had won in the war

As a result of the Revolution, women in America

gained respect

After the revolution, the practice of enslaving African Americans was

eliminated in the North

How did the American Revolution affect other countries?

Other republican groups fought to overthrow monarchies

Sugar Act

law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies

Quartering Act

an act passed by the British that allowed British troops to live in the homes of the colonists

Stamp Act

A tax that the British Parliament placed on newspapers and official documents sold in the American Colonies

Townshend Acts

Import duties the British Parliament placed on leads, glass, paint and tea

Coercive Acts

This series of laws were very harsh laws that intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea.

Intolerable Acts

A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British

What incident led Parliament to withdraw nearly all of Townshend Acts?

Boston Massacre

In what state was the Battle of Trenton fought?

New Jersey

The French made an open alliance with the United States following

the Patriot victory at Saratoga

Loyalists believed

Patriots were breaking the law

Loyalists

American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence

Patriots

Colonists who wanted independence from Britain

Why did Thomas Paine's Common Sense inspire colonists?

Paine talked about opportunities for the common man

Who wrote Common Sense

Thomas Paine

The Declaration of Independence was written to

declare independence from the British king

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