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learn about the rocks and vocab in the grand canyon

limestone

a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals

sandstone

a sedimentary rock consisting of sand consolidated with some cement (clay or quartz etc.)

CaCO3

limestone calcite

what family of chemicals is calcite part of?

calcite is part of a family called carbonate

carbonate

CO3 2

Elavation

Vertical distance above sea level

Mountain

High up lifted area with steep slopes

Plateau

A nearly level area that has been up lifted

Layer

Flat deposits of rock that extend over large areas

Correlate

To find a relationship or connection

Erosion

The removal and transportation of loose material

Formation

Rock layer composed of more than one kind of rock

Differential Erosion

Mountains or platueas that are made by softer and stronger rocks.The weaker rocks wear away leaving the stronger parts of the rocks in one place.

Rock Column

A tool that geologist use to compare layers of rocks at different places.

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