Writing, cities, arts and architecture, public works, job specialization, well-organized central government, complex religion, and social classes.
The 8 points of a civilization
The discovery of this occurred in 1799, which had hieroglyphics, demotic, and greek writing, and became the key to understanding hieroglyphics.
in the south, the river rises into the mountains in central Africa where it begins.Upper- in the south, the river rises into the mountains in central Africa where it begins.
he was the first king of Egypt and united upper and lower Egypt and established the first dynasty.
they saw their rulers as the gods' chief servants
How did the Sumerians differ from the Egyptians in the way they viewed their rulers?
Grain was grown along the Nile
What information supports the claim that egypt was the 'breadbasket of the world'?
alphabet, hieroglyphics, wagon wheel
What were 3 advances in technology and learning made by the peoples of the ancient Middle East?
cultural diffusion. land became more fertile, cities were built.
why did the Fertile Crescent become the crossroads of civilization?
who applied the priincepals of physics to make practical inventions and mastered the use of the lever and pulley>
who was the blind poet who wandered through villages and sang of heroic deeds? wrote the iliad and the odyessey
Who was one of the greatest Athenian playrights who wrote Antigone and also survived the horrors of the Peloponnesian war?
Who was Alexander the Great's tutor? he was Plato's most famous student and set up the Lyceum.
Who was the wise and trusted leader who was appointed archon in 594 BC and outlawed debt slavery, granted citizenship to some foreigners and gave the Athenian assemble more say in decisions? introduced many reforms
Who led a small Spartan force to guard the small mountain pass at Thermoplylae and held out heroically against the massive persian force? he was king of sparta
Who caused the economy to thrive and the government to become more democratic? a statesman who established direct democracy in Athens
Who was Socrate's student, fled Athens for 10 years, set up the Academy and wrote the republic?
who was an outspoken critic of the Sophists, and Athenian stoneman and philosopher and confucted the 'socratic method'?
Who was the Greek physician whose oath set ethical standards for doctors? he studied the causes of illness and looked for cures.
Wgar city controlled the vital straits that connected the Mediterranean and Black seas and held the Trojan war?
Who was the greek leader who urged Athenians to build many warships and prepare other defenses if the Persian were to attack again?
Who was the educated, foreign born woman who worked with perciles to turn Athens into the cultural center of Greece?
Who was the wealthy German businessman who found evidence in Troy that the Trojan war was real and not a myth?
reflected concern with form and order
Which description applies to the words of Greek artists and architects?
this was the traditional form of government, which took place in the first civilizations located in river valleys. most governments evolved from this. it was mainly hereditary, meaning power was passed down from each generation to the next in the royal families.
This was the form of government where officials gain power by force, or without legal right. some gained power by imposing reforms
where leaders rule by a landholding elite. noble landowners seized the power in one point of time, resulting in this form of government
this form of government is controlled by a small, powerful elite from the business class or a powerful minority. They gain power by collecting the citizen's trust and gaining leadership
The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers; birthplace of the Sumerian and Babylonian Civilizations.
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Found along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, this was the first early river civilization. The cities in this area were governed by city-states and used irrigation to produce their crops. Considered the crossroads of civilization.
The son in law of Akhenaton. His tomb was found in 1922 by Howard Carter. Many things were found in his tombs such as chariots, weapons, furniture, jewelry, toys, games and food. He was a minor king.
the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses
Questioned accepted ideas. Success was more important to these people than moral truth. Developed skills in rehetoric. Ambitious men used clevor rhetoric to advance their careers. Turmoil of the Peloponnesian war led many Athenians to follow these people. Older citizens, however, accused them of undermining traditional values.
the rich irrigated land that lies near the red land (a sun baked desert that stretches across North Africa)
Believed the afterlife would be a place of suffering because of the challanges they faced in life- figured the afterworld could be no better. The gold-rich land to the south of Egypt.
Were always tempted to steal from tombs. Tombs were stripped of their treasures long ago because of these.
The group of people who gained fame as sailors and traders. Also occupied a strong of cities along the Eastern Mediterranean, which is now the area of Lebanon and Syria.