APUSH - Constitutional Amendments 13-27

Created by rswalrath 

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13th Amendment

1865
Abolition of slavery (involuntary servitude).
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

14th Amendment

1868
Citizenship given to ex-slaves.
Three-fifths clause abolished.
Leading ex-Confederates denied office.
Ex-Confederates forced to repudiate their debts and pay pensions to their own (CSA) veterans, plus taxes for the pensions of Union veterans.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

15th Amendment

1870
Suffrage given to black males.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

16th Amendment

1913
Income tax established.

17th Amendment

1913
Direct election of senators by popular vote.

18th Amendment

1919
Prohibition; forbade the sale and manufacture of intoxicating liquors.

19th Amendment

1920
Woman suffrage.

20th Amendment

1993
Start of presidential and VP terms moved to January 20th. (shortened lame-duck periods)
Start of congressional terms moved to January 3rd.
Congress will meet on January 3rd.
Emergency presidential and vice presidential succession.

21st Amendment

1933
Prohibition repealed.
Local laws regarding prohibition will be honored. (dry vs. wet counties, states, etc.)

22nd Amendment

1951
Limits the president to 2 terms.

23rd Amendment

1961
District of Columbia vote.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

24th Amendment

1964
Poll tax abolished.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

25th Amendment

1967
If the president dies, resigns, or is impeached, the VP will become president.
If the VP office is vacant, the president will nominate a VP, who will take office after a majority vote in House and Senate.
If the president is disable, the VP will serve for him.
Procedure for disqualifying or requalifying president established.

26th Amendment

1971
Eighteen-year old vote.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.

27th Amendment

1992
Restriction of congressional pay raises--Congress is not allowed to increase its own current pay.

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