Failures of the Revolution of 1905
No successful reforms, not enough weapons.
Problems with many revolutionary parties.
No common agendas, too many of them.
Russian POV in WWI
Will to fight is gone.
No weapons, lack of industrialization.
Czar is inept
Regarded as a holy man by Alexandra, she believed that he could heal her son. He became a power behind the throne.
Immediate cause of the March Revolution, 200% inflation on this.
International Women's Day
March 8, 1917, general strike consisting of women and workers.
Key slogans of International Women's Day
"Peace and Bread", "Down with Autocracy"
Established by the Duma on March 15th.
freedom of speech, religion, assembly, civil liberties.
Carrying on with Russia in the war.
Local councils/govts made of various social classes.
Most numerous soviets, wanted to establish peasant socialism, creat rural democracies.
Faction of Marxist social democrats, Wanted social democrats to be a mass electoral system socialist party based on western model.
Another faction of Marxist Social Democrats, came under the leadership of VI Lenin, wanted to destroy capitalism through a violent revolution.
Lenin's application of Marxism, thought there did not need to be a bourgeois revolution.
Groups of activists, that must form a small party of well disciplined professional revolutionaries.
Lenin's April thesis
Presented the blueprint, or plan for Revolutionary action-must work with groups in order to overthrow provisional govt (1917)
"Peace, land, bread" "All Power to the Soviets"
Petrograd Soviets Army Order No 1
To all officers, ordering them to remove officers and replace them with commities made of the elected reps of the lower ranks.
Socialist rev that became PM of provisional govt, announced that russia would be in war until they succeeded in pushing Germans of soil.
Kerensky attempted to march on Petrograd, he released Bolsheicks from prison, but realized his goals were wrong and withdrew.
The Bolshevick Revolution
Revolutionary and chariman of Petrograd soviets, began to organize military faction, and overthrows the provisional govt.
The Constituent Assembly
Initiated by Provisional govt, elections for it resulted in the defeat of the Bolshvicks, but Lenin just broke it.
Rev socialist , women
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
March 3rd, 1918, Lenin signed this with Germany giving up east poland, Ukraine, Baltic provinces, finland,
Anti Bolshevick force, led by Alexander Kolchack
led the anti bloshevick army.
New secret police,