Government Final Exam Review

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Among the broad purposes of the United States government spelled out in the Preamble to the Constitution is the obligation to

provide for justice and the people's general welfare

Locke, Harrington, Hobbes, and Rousseau would most likely agree that

the state exists to serve the will of the people

the theory underlying modern democracies was developed to challenege the idea that

those of royal birth have absolute authority to rule

the dominant political unit in the world today is the

state

a federeal government is one in which

power is divided between a central government and local governments

which of the following statements is NOT true of parliamentary government

the legislature is subject to the direct control of the executive

the individual 50 states lack which basic characterisitcs of a state

sovereignty

in the charter colonies, most governmental matters were handled by

the colonists

which idea is NOT included in the declaration of independence

God gives certain people the right to govern

all of the following influenced the Framers in developing the Constitution EXCEPT

Virginia's royal charter

Which colony was founded mainly as a place for personal and religious freedom

Massachusetts

which feature did the state constitutions and the Articles of Confederation have in common

principle of popular sovereignty

which of these State constitutions is the oldest and still in force today

Massachusetts

After the Revolutionary War, the National Government

proved too weak to deal with growing economic and political problems

With the words, "We the People," the Constitution establishes its authority on the basis of

popular sovereignty

Which statement about the Bill of Rights is NOT true

The amendments were ratified at the same time as the Constitution

The informal amendment process

results from the daily experiences of government

The president's cabinet is an example of informal amendment by

unwritten custom

in most cases involving judicial review, the courts have

found the governmental actions in question to be constitutional

which of the following best describes the concept of limited government

Government must operate within certain bounds set by the people

which of the following is a method of formal amendment

proposal by two-thirds of Congress and ratification by three-fourths of state legislatures

the system of federalism provides for all of the following EXCEPT

uniform laws among the States

Concurrent powers are those that are

exercised simultaneously by the National and the State governments

An enabling act directs any area desiring Statehood to

prepare a constitution

States must honor the legality of one another's civil laws because of the

Full Faith and Credit clause

Local goverments derive their power from

State constitutions and State laws

Which of the following is an expressed power of the National Government

the power to coin money

Citizens who commit a crime in one State and then flee to another State to escape prosecution are to be returned to the original State under

extradition

In the United States, a political party is made up of a group of people who

work to get candidates elected to political offices

Most single-issue parties have been

short-lived

A multi-party system

is composed of parties with special interests

Which statement does NOT describe one type of minor party

the members of a minor party tend to support the platform of a major party

the national chairperson of a major political party

manages the party's headquarters

Although united states political parties focus on winning elections, most political parties in other countries also

have certain common principles they want adopted by goverment

people belong to a particular political party

voluntarily, because they made a personal choice

Which of the following is NOT a long-term trend marking the expansion of suffrage in the United States

the Federal Government taking less of a role in protecting suffrage rights

In the past, some states limited voting rights by

charging a poll tax

The provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and its amendments of 1970, 1975, and 1982 apply to

all national, state, and local elections

The phenomenon in which fewer votes are cast for offices farther down the ballot is called

ballot fatigue

All of the following are significant reaons for nonvoting in United States elections today EXCEPT

widespread use of religion and literacy tests

the term political socialization can be defined as the

process by which people formulate their political attitudes and opinions

the expansion of suffrage in the united states

has been moved forward by amendments and civil rights acts

the nominating stage is important in the electoral process mostly because

nominations set real limits to the choices voters can make in genereal elections

petitions to nominate candidates

are generally required by State law for nominating minor party candidates

why are voting machines used

to minimize vote-counting errors

voters are asked to complete election ballots in all of the following ways EXCEPT

raising hands at a public meeting

money is an indispensable campaign resource because

it allows candidates to make themselves known to the public

campaign contribuations to a presidential candidate can

be made by any american

the oldest form of the nominating process in the United States is

self-announcement

which of the following is the earliest and one of the most significant agents in the political socialization process

family

which of the following is NOT a shortcoming of current scientific polls

they cannot accurately measure political preferences

polls are taken to

determine people's attitudes and viewpoints

the impact of the mass media on the public agenda can best be described as its ability to

focus the public's attention on specific issues

which of the following does NOT limit the influence of the mass media on public opinion

voters tend to pay attention to sources with which they agree

attitudes held by a significant number of people concerning governmental and political questions are known as

public opinion

"universe" is a term used to describe

the entire group of persons whose opinions a poll seeks to measure

all of the following are examples of groups that promote causes EXCEPT the

American Legion

A labor union is an organization of workers who

work in the same job or industry

the term grass roots refers to

average voters

an interest group tries to persuade people to

respond to its members' shared attitudes

trade associations usually represent

the business community

a positive aspect of interest groups is that they

help stimulate interest in public affairs

all of the following are propaganda techniques EXCEPT

supporting a government policy change

the lawmaking function of congress is central to democracy because

it is the means by which the public will becomes public policy

which qualification for House members is NOT in the constitution

must live in the district being represented

which statement about the Senate is true

it has two members from each state

which fact disqualifies a person from representing Utah in the senate

the candidate has been a citizen for eight years

the fact that all congressional districts in a State must have about the same number of people so that one person's vote is equal to another's is due to the

Wesberry v. Sanders ruling

compensation for sentors is

the same as for representatives

in Congress, screening bills for floor consideration is a major duty of

committee members

supreme court rulings have been key to broadening the scope of which expressed power

the commerce power

The powers of Congress are affected by all of the following EXCEPT what the

Constitution is silent about

In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court

Upheld the doctrine of implied powers

The level of the nation's debt

is not limited by any government agency

Since 1789, the expansion of power of the National Government has been caused by all of the following EXCEPT

strict construction of the constitution

For what purpose does the Constitution give Congress the power to regulate bankruptcy?

to establish uniform procedures for dealing with insolvent debtors

The Supreme Court ruling in Gibbons v. Ogden expanded the

commerce power to include all commerical interactions

The duties of the House Rules Committee are best described as those of a

traffic cop

When the Senate's Republican causus wants party members to vote for a bill, the person who determines how many votes can be counted on is the

whip

The main reason that Congress creates committees is to

divide the workload

Which of the following is a way a bill can become a law without the President's signature?

The President fails to act on the bill within 10 days of recieving it while Congress is in session

To propose a constitutional amendment, Congress uses a

joint resolution

How and when bills reach the floor of the House is decided by the

Rules Committee

Committee chairpersons usually are chosen

on the basis of senority

In case the President is disabled, the way the Vice President becomes President is determined by the

25 Amendment

According to the Constitution the President must

be at least 35 years of age

As of January 20, 2001, the President receives a yearly salary of

$400,000

The electoral system broke down in the election of 1800 because of the

rise of political parties

If an incumbent President is seeking another term in office, who will his party likely nominate?

the Vice President

A State's presidential electors are chosen by

popular vote

A president can serve no more than__ years in office

10

The power of the presidency has been cause for debate MAINLY because

the presidency is the most powerful office in the world

Which of the following has NOT worked to strengthen the powers of the presidency?

the constitutional system of checks and balances

Which of the following statements about the President's power of removal is TRUE?

As a general, the President may remove any officerholders he or she has appointed

The President's military powers

are shared with Congress

The President CANNOT exercise judicial power by

granting pardons in cases of impeachment

Which of the following gives the President the power to issue executive orders?

congressional acts and the Constitution

The debate over the powers of the presidency is essentially a debate

between supporters of a strong presidency and supporters of a weak presidency

The Federal Government is considered a bureaucracy primarily because it

is a complex system of organization based on certain principles

Unlike staff agencies, line agencies

are directly responsible for adminstering programs

In the executive branch, the title of department is reserved for

Agencies of cabinet rank

Which one of the following is an example of an independent agency?

NASA

The civil service system was finally established because of

President's Garfield's assassination by an angry office seeker

The civil service system was created partly to ensure that federal employees

are promoted based on merit

Which one of the following does NOT contribute to the Federal Government's classification as a bureaucracy?

The government has three branches with checks and balances

The largest source of federal revenue from taxes comes from

income taxes

Taxes on the production, transportation, sale, or consumption of goods are ___ taxes

excise

The power to borrow money, historically, was seen as a way for the United States to

meet the costs of both long and short term crisis situations

One reason for the importance of the federal budget is that it

determines which public program will have money to operate

Which of the following limits on the Federal Government's power to tax is implied but not stated in the Constitution?

States shall not be taxed for their governmental activites

The Federal Government can levy taxes on all of the following groups EXCEPT

churches

A gift tax must be paid if a person

receives gifts valuing more than $10,000 in any one year

A key role of the secretary of state is

offering advice on foreign affairs to the President

The United States does not have any major strategic military alliance in the Middle East mainly because

the United States wants to maintain friendly relations with both Arabs and Israelis

During the cold war, American relations with the Soviet Union were dominated by

containment

Which is NOT a stated purpose of the United Nations?

to promote free trade throughout the world

A major feature of American foreign policy since World War II has been

deterrence

The secretary of defense is responsible for all of the following EXCEPT

selecting the Joint Chiefs of Staff

Which historic world event finally ended the United States' commitment to a policy of isolationism?

World War II

The court that first hears a case is said to have

original jursidiction

The list of cases to be heard by a court is called a

docket

Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?

counterfeiting

Which of the following is a TRUE statement about a writ of certiorari?

The Supreme Court grants cert in a limited number if instances

All of the following statements about the Court of Federal Claims are true EXCEPT

Decisions from the Court of Federal Claims cannot be appealed

One weakness of the Articles of Confederation was that

it did not provide for a national judiciary

Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction?

the Supreme Court

Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?

Rights are extended only to citizens

The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to

believe whatever the choose to believe in matters of religion

Which of the following statements about prior restraint is TRUE?

The Supreme Court has only rarely upheld prior restraints

Laws against seditious speech have been upheld by the Supreme Court it they

urge people to overthrow the government

Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies

to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life

The Due Process Clause guarantees that

States will not deny people any basic or essential liberties

A democracy must allow freedom of expression, otherwise

democracy does not really exist

The main reason that there is no exact definition of the due process guarentees is that the

The Supreme Court only defines the guarantees on a case by case basic

The right to privacy inherent in the concept of due process has been applied with the most controversy recently in cases involving

abortion

Under the 2nd Amendment

each State has the right to have a militia

An ___ requires the police to bring a prisoner before the court and explain why he or she should not be released

writ of habeas corpus

To have a fair trial, a person is guaranteed all of the follwoing EXCEPT

media coverage if demanded

The main reason the Constitution dealt specifically with the crime of treason was that

the Framers knew the charge of treason can be used for political reasons

Which of the following was declared by the Supreme Court to be "cruel and unusual punishment"

denying immates needed medical treatment

Which is the MOST accurate description of the way minority groupsw historically have been treated in the United States?

with reluctance to accept their equality

In regard to the issue of equality, the Constitution states that

no person can denied equal protection of the laws

With ___, the Federal Government hopes to overcome effects of past discrimination

affirmative action

A person can become a citizen of the United States by all the following means EXCEPT

illegally crossing the Mexican border into Texas

Over time, the makeup of the American population has become

more diverse

In the past, women have been denied which of the following

all of the above

Laws that treat men and women differently

may be upheld by the Supreme Court if they meet certain criteria

The structure of the Chinese Communist Party is similar to that of

the former Soviet Union's Communist Party

The customs and practives of British government are derived from

an unwritten constitution

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