Blacks could sing and dance here during Mardi Gras starting 1856 on Sunday afternoons and became a musical attraction for whites.
After the Civil War the brass instruments used by Confederate military bands were bought up and became used in 19th century.
An informal competitive duel (usually between two individuals) where musicians try to outplay each other by showing more creativity and originality, can be between big bands.
New Orleans Funeral Traditon: Dirge, second line
Very slow solemn hymn such as a Closer Walk With Thee.
New Orleans Ethnic Mix: Blacks, Creoles of Color
Occupied a unique position in New Orleans society, and their historical background was unique position in New Orleans society, and their historical background was uniquely interesting.
as the federal Government passed new voting rights and anti-segregation laws to benefit blacks, resentment simmered among many Southern whites.
Legislative Code No. 111 (discriminatory codes)
New Orleans regulatory codes that were part of a series of black codes (Jim Crow Laws, passed in the South after reconstruction, 111 was one of these.
Is the act of adding syncopated rhythms of ragtime to more traditional dance pieces.
Was made up of one or two cornets, ore or two clarinets, and a trombone.
The distinctive characteristics of the New Orleans Style of jazz in which the front line instruments improvise simultaneously.
Trombone playing the accompanying parts in the lower register in this style, they would often play off the back of trucks.
Musical texture in which two or more melodic lines are played or sung simultaneously.
Was what Morton called using the rhythms of the tango and other Spanish dances in some of his compositions, the first of which is believed to be "New Orleans Bump," from 1902.
Were held near the end the month where admission of 15 to 25 cents was charged to help pay the next month's rent. most common in Harlem.
Is the process of inserting new chords into the existing chord progression of an established tune; also known as chord subbing, practiced by Art Tatum.
Only one photo of his, is universally regarded as the first great jazz musician; also considered the Father of Jazz, played coronet.
Mentor to Louis Armstrong, played a large role in popularizing jazz, played muted trumpet, first important jazz recordings
Jelly Roll Morton
"Father of Jazz Piano" synthesized blues, ragtime and European. Colorful personality played a pivotal role in early jazz development. Created the Spanish tinge and played around with many different form variations.
A Creole of Color, was a child prodigy on the clarinet; played wide fast vibrato and could go toe to toe with Armstrong, very commutative.
James P. Johnson, Fats Waller, Willi "The Lion" Smith all played this form with the throbbing base line in the left hand and the blazing fast in the right.
Acknowledged as the greatest of all stride pianists. Played faster than anyone else and had brilliant jazz ideas; utilized sophisticated harmonization. Mostly blind.
New Orleans Style
played by five or eight people 1 front line of melodic instruments (cornet trumpet clarinet trombone) and rhythm section (drums piano, banjo, guitar) single line of low instruments tuba or bass polyphonic texture
Fast, Energetic, technically challenging, loping boom-chunk left hand found in ragtime- embellishment in right hand, swing rhythm, blues elements.
Evolved out of Texas_____ is unique in that it evolved solely from the blues piano playing and the left hand imitated guitar rifts of country blues, right, blues rifts uses 12-bar blues almost exclusively.