Characteristics of African Music
1. )Functional role in role music plays in everyday life.
2.) Blurring of the distinct lines between performer and audience, oral tradition
3.) Music In African history is closely tied to dancing and are thought of similarly.
Professional musician, entertainer and in charge of maintaining the oral history of the community.
A five-note scale usually 1-2-3-4-5 commonly used in folk music in different cultures including Africa and different from Europeans that use 7 notes.
The Four Types of African Instruments
1.) Drums with Vibrating Membranes (Or drum-heads)
2.) Percussion Instruments without membranes i.e Log Drums, gongs, gourds and xylophones
3.) Stringed instruments, usually plucked
4.)Wind Instruments, trumpets usually made of word and ivory along with flutes.
The Characteristics of the Djembe
Is a bird bath-shaped drum.
The Characteristics of the Kalimba
A thumb piano.
The Characteristics of the Shakere
Is a seed-filled gourd that is covered with a bead net.
The Characteristics of the Talking Drum
A West African, hourglass-shaped drum whose pitch can be regulated to mimic the tone and prosody of human speech by bending the head tension using strings.
Brought in 1619 to Jamestown, Virginia and continued until liberation.
Activists in 1807 that persuaded congress to outlaw the further importing of slaves in which there were over 400,000 +
The most popular for of entertainment in american, emerged around 1820, would consist of short comedy skits, song-and-dance routines
Often very racist and demonstrated things such as the hustling ladies, Sip Coon, no-good Jim Crow. Also promoted "Black Face".
White America was fascinated with African American culture, gave a outlet for budding African Artists in which to express themselves.
Loose unbound sheets that are still used with the lyrics, melody and piano accompaniment present
Fertile land area of country blues development in the land from Tennessee to Mississippi; promoted much racism and labor that spawned the blues.
Fulled by the popularity of Ragtime there were introduced as a prerecorded "piano" "player" that played when the pedals were pressed, first song was 'Mississippi Rag'.
Composed songs that contained negative Southern folk life stereotypes aka as Ethiopian songs; wrote " Oh! Susanna and Hard times Come Again No More."
Best known and most successful composer of plantation songs, 1st successful black songwriter, ex minstrel show performer, wrote carry me back to old virginny, became popular in Europe from performing concerts.
"Father of the Blues" helped standardize blues with the first sheet music form in "Memphis Blues" and "St. Louis Blues".
( 1891-1934) a regional celebrity that recorded in Chicago for Paramount Records and became their biggest-selling artist. Strong rhythmic guitarist who popped strings and beat his guitar.
(1902-1988) Preacher turned guitarist became a celerity on the Delta and was a fain influence on Muddy Waters and Robert Johnson.
(1911-1938) Most fanous and legendary Delta blues musician wrote songs such as "Cross Road Blues"; famous slide guitar player. Tale of how he sold his soul to the devil but really he just listened to many records in order to get so good.
American composer and pianist, born near Texarkana, Texas, into the first post-slavery generation. He achieved fame for his unique ragtime compositions, and was dubbed the "King of Ragtime." During his brief career, ___________ wrote forty-four original ragtime pieces, one ragtime ballet, and two operas. One of his first pieces, the Maple Leaf Rag, became ragtime's first and most influential hit, and remained so for a century.
Was derived from the West African circle dance. Participants form a circle and shuffle in a counterclockwise direction in ever increasing speed and intensity eventually reaching a state of hysteria.
More defined than the field holler and contained stanzas or verses of three lines often found in the AAB format.
Most commonly found in American slave environment, was song by a group of workers using a call and response with a distinct pulse, would incorporate tools as instruments.
Solo song-shout without form or steady rhythm, highly spontaneous and improvisational
EuroAfrican Combo: Spiritual
Blending of African and European musical traditions usually in black churches that started in Africa as White people attempted to convert them "gospel".
EuroAfrican Combo: Ethiopian Song
Genre on songs that stereotyped Southern folk life and were generated by Minstrel shows, the combo is through the incorporation of black lifestyles to amuse white audiences.
EuroAfrican Combo: The Blues
Played a vital role in the birth of jazz but evolved separately from jazz even though they are fundamentally the same used in many different music through the 12-bar blues and AAB.
EuroAfrican Combo: County Blues
Characterized by Male Singers who accompanied themselves on guitar. Pioneered the AAB, 12-bar, blues scale/notes, poetic form.
EuroAfrican Combo: Ragtime
Is a notated and fully composed piano style that was popular in the 1890's and early 20th century.