Trading stations with resident merchants established by the Portuguese and other Europeans
Important Portuguese factory on the coast of modern Ghana.
Ruler of the Kongo kingdom (1507-1543); converted to Christianity and was renamed Alfonso I; his efforts to integrate Portuguese and African ways foundered because of the slave trade.
Portuguese factory established in 1520s south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola.
Royal African COmpany
Chartered in Britain in the 1660s to establish a monopoly over the African trade; supplied slaves to British New World colonies.
A unit in the complex exchange system of the west African trade; based on the value of an adult male slave.
Complex commercial pattern linking Africa, the Americas, and Europe; slaves from Africa went to the New World; American agricultural products went to Europe; European goods went to Africa.
Akan state centered at Kumasi on the Gold Coast (now Ghana).
Important ruler who began centralization and expansion of Asante
title, created by Osei Tutu, of the civil and religious ruler of Asante
African kingdom in the Bight of Benin; at the height of its power when Europeans arrived; active slave-trading state; famous for its bronze-casting techniques.
African state among the Fon or Aja peoples; developed in the 17th
century and centered at Abomey; became a major slave-trading state through use of Western firearms.
nilotic people who migrated from the upper nile regions to establish dynasties in the lakes region of central Africa
usuman dan fodio
Muslim Fulani leader who launched religious movement among the Hausa
Movement inland during the 1830s of Dutch-ancestry settlers in South Africa seeking to escape their British colonial government.
Ruler among the Nguni peoples of southeast Africa during the early 19th century; developed military tactics that created the Zulu state.
wars among africans in southern africa during the early 19th century: developed military tactics that createdd the Zulu state
swazi and lesotho
African states formed by peoples reacting to the stresses of the Mfecane
Slave voyage from Africa to the Americas; generally a traumatic experience for black slaves,
name given to slaves born in Africa; distinguished from American-born descendants, the creoles
African religious practices in the British American islands.
African religious practices in Brazil among the Yoruba.
African religious practices among descendants in Haiti.
Angolan-led, large runaway slave state in 17th-century Brazil.
descendants of 18th century runaway slaves who found permanent refuge in the rainforests of surinam and french guiana