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Kinetic theory of matter

states that all of the particles that make up matter are constantly in motion

temperature

a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a sample of matter

degree

units that temperature is measured in

thermometer

a device that measures temperature by regular change in the material inside it

heat

flow of energy due to temperature differences

thermal energy

the total random kinetic energy of particles in an object

calorie

the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by one degree C

joule

standard unit of energy

specific heat

the heat required to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance one degree centigrade

conduction

the transfer of heat within a material or between materials that are touching

conductor

a material that easily allows the flow of electricity

insulator

a material that does not transfer energy easily

convection

a process that moves energy throught large numbers of particles in a gas or liquid moving in a particular direction

radiation

energy that moves as electromagnetic waves

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