Anatomy #1

Created by mdbutler 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Anatomy

the science of the structure of living organisms

Organ System

A group of organs that work together to perform a vital body function; ex: nervous system

Muscular system

Organ system consisting of skeletal muscles and their connective tissue attachments

Lymphatic system

lymphatic vessels, and the lymphoid tissues and organs

Reproductive system

organ system that functions to produce offspring

Metabolism

the sum total of the chemical reactions that occur in the body

Receptor

(1) a peripheral nerve ending specialized for response to particular types of stimuli. (2) molecule that binds specifically with other molecules

Superior

refers to the head or upper body regions

Medial

toward the midline of the body

Distal

farthest from the point of attachment of a limb or origin of a structure

Physiology

the science of the functioning of living organisms

Organism

an individual living thing

Nervous system

fast acting control system that employs nerve impulses to trigger muscle contraction or gland secretion

Respiratory system

organ system that carries out gas exchange; includes the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs

Movement

includes all the activities promoted by the muscular system, such as propelling ourselves from 1 place to another

Excretion

the elimination of waste products from the body

Control center

determines the level (set point) at which a variable is to maintained, analyzes the information it receives and determines the appropriate response or course of action

Inferior

(caudal) pertaining to a position near the tail end of the long axis of the body

Lateral

away from the midline of the body

Superficial

(external) located close to or on the surface

Atoms

the smallest part of an element; indivisible by ordinary chemical means

Cells

the basic biological unit of living organisms, enclosed by a limiting membrane; cells in more complex organisms contain a nucleus and a variety of organelles

Integumentary system

the skin and its accessory organs

Endocrine system

body sytem that includes internal organs that secrete hormones

Digestive system

system that processes food into absorbable units and eliminates indigestible wastes

Responsiveness

the ability to sense changes (stimuli) in the environment and then to react to them

Reproduction

the production of offspring

Effector

an organ, gland, or muscle capable of being activated by nerve endings

Ventral

anterior or front

Intermediate

between a more medial and a more lateral structure (collarbone is intermediate between the breastbone and the shoulder)

Deep

(internal) away from the body surface

Tissue

a group of similair cells specialized to perform a specific function; primary tissue types are epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous tissues

Organ

a part os the body formed of 2 or more tissues that performs a specialized function

Skeletal system

system of protection and support composed primarily of bone and cartiledge

Cardiovascular system

organ system that distributes blood to all parts of the body

Urinary system

system primarily responsible for water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance and the removal of nitrogen-containing wastes from the blood

Digestion

the body process of breaking down foods chimcally and mechanically

Homeostasis

a state of body equilibrium or stable internal environment of the body

Anatomical position

standard position of the body and body parts

Dorsal

(posterior) toward or at the backside of the body; behind

Proximal

close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set