(Chapter 1) Organ Systems & Major Functions

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The 11 different organ systems, their main functions and the organs found in the system

integumentary system

provides a protective barrier for the body, contains sensory receptors for pain, touch, temperature
organs found: skin, hair, nails, glands, nerves

skeletal system

protects major organs, provides levers and support for body movement
organs found: bones, cartilage, tendons, ligaments

muscular system

moves bones and maintains posture
organs found: smooth muscular tissue, skeletal tissue, cardiac muscle

nervous system

controls cell function with electrical signals
organs found: brain, spinal cord, nerves

endocrine system

controls cell function with hormones
organs found: pineal gland, pituitary gland, pancreas, ovary, testis

cardiovascular system

transports nutrients, chemical messengers, gases and wastes in blood
organs found: heart, blood vessels

lymphatic system

returns fluid to cardiovascular system, detects, filters, and eliminates disease causing organisms.
organs found: red bone marrow, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes

respiratory system

adds oxygen to the blood and removes carbon dioxide from blood.
organs found: nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, lungs, bronchus

digestive system

breaks down food into units that can be absorbed by the body
organs found: oral cavity, esophagus, liver, stomach, large/small intestine, rectum, anus

urinary system

removes wastes, maintains body fluid volume, pH and electrolyte levels.
organs found: kidney, ureter, urinary bladder, urethra

reproductive system

produces gametes, female organs provide environment for development of fetus
organs found: (male) prostate gland, penis, testis, scrotum, ductus deferens (female) mammary glands, ovary, uterus, vagina, uterine tube

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