Unit 7 Vocab Quiz

24 terms by LECJ

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WWII

Totalitarianism

a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator

Anti-Semitism

Hatred of Jews

Reparations

As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war.

Fascism

Type of government that existed in Italy during the 1930s and 40s. This party is the opposite of Communism.

Nazism

The doctrines of nationalism, racial purity, anti-Communism, and the all-powerful role of the State advocated by Adolf Hitler in Germany.

Nationalism

the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other

Appeasement

When Great Britain and France gave into the demands of Italy and Germany as aggressors to avoid another world war.

Rationing

Taking items that are in short supply and distributing them according to a system. For instance, during World War II, gas, sugar, and butter were a few of the items rationed in the United States.

War Bonds

Short-term loans that individual citizens made to the government that financed two-thirds of the war's cost.

Neville Chamberlain

Prime Minister of Great Britain from -1940. Famous for appeasing Hitler at the Munich Conference.

Axis Powers

Germany, Italy, Japan

Allied Powers

Great Britain, Soviet Union, United States, and France

Holocaust

the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler

Internment Camps

Detention centers where more than 100,000 Japanese Americans were relocated during World War II by order of the President.

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

Pacific Theater

The Part of the War fought in Asia and Oceania

European Theater

The other half of the war Fought in Europe and North Africa

Battle of Midway

U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.

Battle of Normandy

invasion of Allied forces in Normandy, France during Operation Overload

V-E Day

May 8, 1945; victory in Europe Day when the Germans surrendered

V-J Day

August 15, 1945 - the Victory in Japan Day when the Japanese surrendered

Manhattan Project

code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II

Einstein and Oppenheimer

Scientists who worked on the Manhattan Project

Quotas

established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year

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