Top SOL Terms

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Top SOL Terms on the SOL - surprise!

Descriptive

Writing that uses details and imagery so that the reader can "see" the topic better

Expository

Writing that tries to give information to the reader so they can understand the topic better

Narrative

Writing that tells a story, usually in chronological order

First draft

The first time you write out your paper, where you pay more attention to ideas than grammar

Final draft

The last time you write your paper, after you've made all the revisions and edits you can

Fragment

A sentence that is missing pieces

Concise

To put something as shortly and specifically as possible

Point of view

The perspective from which a story is told - using I, You, They

Point of view

The way you see an idea, unique to you

Tone

The writer's attitude and emotions toward the topic

Specific

stated clearly or in detail

Relevant

Actually necessary to the topic

Irrelevant

Having nothing to do with the topic

Transition

a word or phrase that links one idea to the next and carries the reader from sentence to sentence, paragraph to paragraph. (Ex. Then, Next, In conclusion, etc)

Narrow

Limit your topic or examples so they are all about one clear thing.

Elaboration

Adding details until everything is very clear

Edit

Find the grammar mistakes in your paper and fix them

Revise

Find the problems with order and unclear word choice in your paper and fix them

Formal

Strict, must put in effort to make it as perfect as you can

Cause-Effect Order

Putting a paper in order so that causes lead to their effects

Thematic Order

Putting a paper in order of ideas, so all ideas are together

Importance Order

Writing a paper so that you build it by the importance of your reasons (most important is often last)

Thesis statement

The most important part of your paper, at the end of your intro, it tells what your paper is about

Compare

Show how things are alike

Contrast

Show how things are different

Introduction

The start of your paper, you do not go into your evidence

Conclusion

The end of your paper, you only repeat your main points

Supporting paragraph

You only go into one topic and you use it to help prove your point, or your thesis

Thesis

Your point, or the opinion you are sharing in your paper

Accuracy

Correctness, exactness

Adequacy

Being enough to do the job

Narrative Hook

The first sentence you write, it's to get the reader's attention

Voice

The style you write in, like the way you speak, and how it reveals your personality

Persuasive

Writing where you try to convince the reader of your point of view

Metaphor

a comparison without using like or as

Hyperbole

figurative language that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Irony

a contrast between expectation and reality

Simile

a comparison using like or as

Symbolism

when a thing represents more than just itself

Cliché

an overused saying or idea

Stanza

a group of lines in a poem or song that constitute a division (in prose: paragraph)

Foreshadowing

the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

Setting

the time and place of a story

Dialogue

a conversation between two persons in prose or drama

Character

an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story),described through a process called characterization

Imagery

description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

Stage directions

The specific instructions (in parentheses) a playwright includes concerning sets, characterization, delivery, etc.

Quotations

the exact words of a source or character set off in quotation marks

Allusion

a reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art

Sources (Resources)

Places where you get information that will answer your questions

Summary

a brief overview that presents the main points in a concise form

Heading

a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about

Sarcastic

a mocking or nasty remark intended to hurt or wound another's feelings

Understatement

saying less than one means for humorous effect (the opposite of hyperbole)

Conflict

problem in the story that drives the plot forward

Theme

Message or statement about life in the story

First Person

told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"

Third Person

narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he/she/they

Alliteration

repetition of the beginning sound in words, like "Silly Sally" or "Golly Gosh"

Personification

figurative language in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

Requirement

something that is necessary

Biography

nonfiction story of a person's life written by another person

Paradox

a statement that seems self-contradictory or obviously wrong but in reality expresses a possible truth.

Pun

a joke, or "play on words," based on the multiple meanings of a single word or on words that sound alike but mean different things

Narrator

the person telling the story

Mood

the overall emotion created by a work of literature

Plagiarism

taking credit for someone else's writing or ideas

Audience

the people who are meant to read or watch your work

Thesis

the main opinion or idea shared by a writer or speaker

Figurative

using figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; usually to have a bigger impact

Reliable

Able to be depended on; trustworthy

Exaggeration

making to seem more important than it really is

Opinion

a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty

Fact

an idea whose truth can be proved

Cite

to mention, refer to, quote (for proof or example)

Main idea

what a piece of writing is mainly about

Chronological order

the order in which events happen in time

Spatial order

organizes the description of items according to their position or closeness to each other

Compare/Contrast order

organizes the description by how two things are alike or different

Problem/Solution order

organizes by first describing the problem and then giving a solution for it

Infer

To use available evidence to form a conclusion; to guess

Illustrate

clarify by giving an example of

Conclude

reach a decision, come to an end

Evaluate

Examine and judge carefully.

Excerpt

a passage taken from a longer book or article

Evidence

Supporting facts used to prove or disprove something

Purpose

reason for doing something

Context

Words, events, or circumstances that help determine meaning.

Analyze

consider in detail in order to discover meaning and purpose

Tension

a feeling excitement and expectation the reader or audience feels because of the conflict, mood, or atmosphere of the work

Key words

words that help you search for resources on an internet source or help you discover meaning in text

Significant

Important

Informal

casual, relaxed, everyday

Villain

the main bad character in a film or work of fiction

Aside

a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage

Flashback

a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present

Satire

a literary work that makes fun of and criticizes human faults

Apostrophe

figurative language in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

Synonym

a word that means the same as another word

Resumé

a summary of your academic and work history that you turn in when applying for a job

Allegory

A literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent ideas

Personal Essay

an essay that tells the writer's personal opinion, beliefs, or ideas about a subject

Editorial

an article giving opinions or perspectives

Tall Tale

highly exaggerated story with humor, often set in the United States

Slant rhyme

Words that almost end with the same sounds

Internal rhyme

repetition of sounds within a line (but not at the end of the line)

End rhyme

The rhyming of words that appear at the ends of two or more lines of poetry

Fable

a short moral story (often with animal characters)

Legend

a very old story which may be based on actual people and events but is not historically true

Diction

A writer's or speaker's choice of words

Omniscient

the narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.

Dialect

a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group

Objective

undistorted by emotion or personal opinions

Literal

meaning exactly as written or spoken

Resolution

something settled or solved

Suspense

Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story

Plot

the action of a story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.

Emphasize

to give special attention to something, to stress

Topic

subject people think, write, or talk about

Broad

not detailed or specific, big picture

Proofread

to read over and fix mistakes

Outline

describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of

Persuade

to convince

Rhyme scheme

a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

Foil

a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another

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