AP World History Great Leap Chapter 9-10 Events

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The Gupta Dynasty

In 320, a new dynasty arose that was set up by Chandragupta, who put his capital at Pataliputra. Chandragupta's successor, Samudragupta, made the _________ the dominant political force throughout the subcontinent of India.

Early Southeat Asia

Between the 6th and 13th centuries, the Thai from southwesten China and the Burmese from the Tibetan Highlands came down river valleys in Southest Asia in search of new homelands. Mountains seperated these two groups, making communication easy.

The Angkor

_________, formed in the 8th century, was the most dominant state in Southeast Asia for its time. Angkor Thom, the capital, was massive and surrounded by thick walls. ________ began to decline and in 1432, _________ was destroyed by the Thai.

The Empire of Mahmud of Ghazni

At the end of the tenth century ____________, located in present day Afghanistan, started to develop power. Mahmud Ghazni took over power in 997, and was able to use his intelligence and ambition to extend his rule on Southeast Asia before he died in 1030.

Malay World

Two of the leading spice traders of the ___________ were the Srivijaya (formed in 670), who controlled the Straits of Malacca and the Majaphit (formed in 1292), who united most of the archipelago in the 13th century

The Delhi Sultanate

___________ failed to take advantage of the disarray of its rivals because ofthe threat posed by the Mongols. The attention of the ______ was focused on the Mongols, whose eventual breakup brought on the power of the Tughluq Dynasty(1320-1413).

Tamerlane

_________ was the ruler of a Mongol khanate(kingdom) in the 1330's. Tamerlane seized power of Samarkand in 1369 and began a campaign of conquest in Southeast Asia. The death of ________ in 1405 brought on two new opponents: The Mughals and the Portuguese Traders.

Buddhism comes to China

Internal division ruined popular beliefs in teh supernatural and philisophical Daoism and none of these could satisfy the deeper emotional needs or provide solace in time of sorrow or the hope of a better life. So Buddhism filled the gap and was brought to China in teh 1st or 2nd century C.E.

The Sui Dynasty founded

Nearly four centuries after the fall of the Han Dynasty, China unified once again in 581 AD by Yang Jian. Yang Jian established his capital at historic metropolis of Chang'an. After Yang Jian's death, the Dynasty did not last, but ended immediately.

Building of the Grand Canal under the reign of Yang Jian- Sui Yangdi

The Grand Canal was built from teh capital to teh confluence of the Wei and Yellow Rivers almost 100 miles to the east. The canal speeded up teh shipments of grain and other commodities, communication between cities, and deploying troops to troubled regions.

The Tang Dynasty is established

Li Yuan, on of Yang Jian's generals, took advantage of the instabiility that ensued with Yang's death and declared foundation of a new dynasty, the Tang. The Tang lasted for three hundred years, until 907.

Adoption of Civil Service Examinations occurring during Tang Dynasty

The Tang Dynasty originally adopted the civil service examinations but this process was more successful during the Song Dynasty. The exams were a way of strengthening the power of the central administration . There were three levels of tests which could offer different positions as you pass higher tests. The civil service examination offered more opprotunity for upward mobility than any other civilization at the time.

Rising of the Song Dynasty

After the Tang, China had slipped into chaos once again. In 960, the Song Dynasty rose to power under the founding emperor, Song Taizu. The Song were unable to overcome internal problems, which were greaters than their predecessors, and were eventually overrun by the Mongols.

Genghis Kahn is Born

Original name was Temuchin, was born during the 1160's. When the founder of Mongol greatness was born, the Mongols were a relatively obscure pastoral people. Like other nomadic peoples in region, they were organized loosely into clans and tribes and lacked a common name for themselves. Temuchin gradualy unified the Mongol tribes through his prowess and the power of his personality.

The Voyages of Zhenghe

In 1405, Emperor Yongle sent a fleet of CHinese trading ships, of nearly 28,000 sailors on 62 ships, through the Straits of Malacca and out into the Indian Ocean. The voyages resulted in a dramatic increase in Chinese knowledge about the world and the nature of ocean travel. Also they brought massive profits for their sponsors, including individuals connected with Admiral Zhenhe at court.

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