Bedford Wozniak Science 4th Ch 12

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examples of physical properties of matter

some examples are color, shape, size and texture

water vapor

molecules move quickly past each other and spread out

matter

anything that has mass and takes up space; everything you see even air

3 states of water

ice, water, water vapor; all have the same kind of matter, molecule and atom

molecule

2 or more atoms joined together

physical property

matter changes from one state to another without becoming a new matter; different characteristics

atoms

smallest particle of matter

liquid water

molecules move past each other but stay close together; take the shape of the container it is in

3 states of matter

solid, liquid, gas

ice

molecules vibrate and are placked close together; stay in a specific shape

weight

measure of the pull of gravity on an object; can chage if gravity's pull changes

volume

amount of space that matter takes up; all matter has this

liter and milliliter

used to measure volume in a beaker or graduated cylinder

metric system

a standard system of measurement based on multiples of 10; all scientists use this

gram and kilogram

used to measure mass with a balance

luster

how the surface of an object looks when light shines on it; shiny or not

5 physical properties of matter

color, shape, texture, density and luster

texture

how the object feels

density

how much matter is in a given space, or volume

chemical property

a characteristic of matter that can be observed only when matter is changed into a new kind of matter

chemical properties examples

burn, rust, cook , tarnish; how matter reacts with air, heat and water

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