The Islamic call to prayer, which is broadcast from mosques five times a day.
Literally, "the god," the proper name of God in Islam.
The leaders of the Muslim community after Muhammad. It comes from the Arabic word khalifa, which means "representative" or "delegate," implying that the Caliphs didn't rule on their own authority but were only representatives of God and His Prophet.
Traditions of anecdotes concerning the life and sayings of the Prophet Muhammad; used as a scriptural source of secondary importance to the Koran.
A pilgrimage to the Ka'ba in Mecca, which constitutes one of the ritual obligations of Islam.
the migration of Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 C.E.
Literally "leader." It is a term used for anyone who leads prayers in a mosque.
The term literally means "striving" and is shortened version of a longer name that means "striving in the path of God." The concept of jihad covers all activities that defend Islam or else further its cause.
A cubic building located in Mecca, believed to have been built by Abraham at God's command. It is the direction in which Muslims pray and the focus of the ritual pilgrimage called the Hajj.
The Muslim scripture, which is believed to have been revealed by god to the prophet Muhammad. It is also written: Qur'an
One of the two capitals of Saudi Arabia. It is the birthplace of Muhammad and as such is a holy city of Islam to which Muslims make pilgrimages.
City in Saudi Arabia, known as the "city of the Prophet." It is to this city, formerly known as Yathrib, that Muhhamad fled from persecution in Mecca, and it is here that he lived out his life and died. His tomb is in this city, and thus, it is a holy city of Islam.
A Muslim place of prayer or worship
A person who professes the religion of Islam.
The ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar during which practicing Muslims fast, abstaining from eating, drinking, smoking, violence, and sex from before sunrise until after sunset for the entire month.
The name given to a number of Muslim sects, all of which separated from the Sunni Muslim majority.
The name given to a wide range of expressions of the mystical aspects of Islam.
The name of the majority sect in Islam.
The term used for individual chapters of the Koran.