Value that emphasizes human potential and achievement over divine
What were some values in Greek culture?
Beauty, Patriarchal, Heroism, Courage, Bravery, Strength
Any concept, idea, or principle that society deems important
-Centered around the Aegean Sea
-Trade and transportation by sea
-Mountainous (cover 3/4 of the land)
-Poor communication among villages
-Adopted characteristics of conquered lands
-War fought between Mycenaean kings again Troy
An independent Greek city-state in Anatolia
Why did Greece decline?
The Dorians, a less advanced group of people, moved into the Greek mainland. Writing, trade, learning stopped.
-Greek storyteller, passed on the story of the Trojan war through poems
-Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Two governing groups--> assembly of free white males and council of Elders, Oligarchy
Many social groups:
1. Original inhabitants and ruling family
2. Non-citizens and commerce/industry
Agricultural, slave labor
Didn't value arts, valued discipline, strength, and duty rather than individualism
For boys and girls, it involved much physical education centered around the military, boys were trained for the military at 7 years old
Very important to society, most powerful
A democracy and aristocracy in which only free males could make decisions.
Women were treated as housemaids, rather that citizens; large gaps between rich and poor
Much overseas trade
Valued art and independence to an extent that Sparta did not
Boys were educated well in the areas of poetry, math, history, philosophy, music, and astronomy (science)
Powerful and strong, yet not as strong as Athens
Pre- socratic philosopher
-4th century Greek philosopher and teacher
-Believed that people should question ideas instead of believing them blindly
-believed that there should be absolute standard of truth and justice
-was accused of corrupting the youth of Athens are was executed by the Jury
-Student of Socrates
-Critical of democracy because it empowers the masses of uneducated people
-Believed that a philosopher-king should rule over a society of social classes
-Created a school "the Academy"
-Plato's most famous student
-Believed that observation and logic would be the key to truth
-Created the school "The Lyceum"
-Wrote extensively on all subjects
-Most famous student was Alexander the Great
Alexander the Great
-Conquered Persia, Egypt, India, and many other lands
-More concerned with conquering than governing
-Died at 32
War between Sparta and Athens, consisted of many battles because of the overconfidence of both city- states