World History CH. 5-6 Set 2 (midterm 2012)

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During the classic period of Maya civilization, Maya cities

were mostly independent city-states

Maya cities are especially well known for their

huge stone temples and palaces

According to Aztec mythology

gods in Teotihuacan created the world

What were the geoglyphs of the Nazca people?

desert etchings that probably had spiritual meaning

Characteristic of the Inca

They owned little property thus there was little trade

The Ancestral Puebloans protected themselves from raiders by building

housing complexes on cliffs

We know the Hopewell people trades across a wide area from

objects such as shells, from the Gulf of Mexico

the "clan mother" of the Iroquois

could name or remove members from a governing council

Though their culture disappeared, the traditions of the Mississippian people were preserved

through the Natchez people who adopted their religion

How did early people in Mesoaamerica adapt to theor environment in a way that allowed the population to expand?

They domesticated plants and animals

Scholars believe the colossal carved heads of the Olmec culture are protraits of

Olmec leaders

Characteristic of Maya cities

were sometimes governed by women

The nomadic people who migrated into the Valley of Mexico about AD 1200 are known as the

Aztecs

Slaves in Aztec society could

own land and buy their freedom

Early Andean culture that constructed the largest adobe structure in the ancient Americas

Moche

What helped Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui establish the first dynasty of the Inca?

He enlisted conquered peoples into his armies

quipu

knotted cords of various lengths and colors used by the inca to keep records

Role of the "chosen women" in the Inca culture

They studied religion and served Inti, the sun god.

All the roads in the great Inca network led through the capital

Cuzco

The Anasazi people used their large underground chamber called a kiva

for religious and political meetings

Characteristic of Mississippian culture

their great center, Cahokia housed as many as 20,000 people

The Inuit people were most likely to travel

by kayak in open waters

Stelae in Maya culture

tall structures depicting Maya rulers and gods

The oldest culture in the Andean region

the Chavin

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