Glencoe Health Chapter 17

48 terms by siriane

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

myocardium

special type of muscle that contracts rhythmically and automatically

septum

thick central muscular wall

atrium

upper chamber

ventricle

lower chamber

vena cava

two blood vessels that carry blood that has been depleted of oxygen but contains carbon dioxide and waste matter

plasma

fluid in which the other parts of blood are suspended

hemoglobin

the oxygen-carrying part of blood

platelets

cells that prevent the body's loss of blood

arteries

the vessels that carry blood away from the heart

capillaries

vessels that carry blood between arterioles and small vessels called venules

veins

vessels that return deoxygenated blood toward the heart from the body's organs and tissues

lymphatic system

drains tissue fluid back into the blood stream and fights infection

lymph

clear yellow fluid that fills the spaces around body cells

lymphocytes

white blood cells that protect the body against pathogens

lymph nodes

masses of tissue that filter lymph before it returns to the blood

B cells

produce antibodies that destroy or neutralize invading pathogens

killer T cells

relaese toxins in abnormal body cells that help destroy them

systolic pressure

arterial pressure is at its greatest

diastolic pressure

arterial pressure is at its lowest

congenital

occuring at birth

heart murmur

abnormal sound in heart

varicose veins

swollen or enlarged veins that are caused by veins that are weakened and close up

anemia

concentration of hemoglobin in the blood is below normal levels (iron-lacking)

leukemia

abnormal production of white blood cells in bone marrow

hemophilia

inherited bleeding disorder

hodgkin's disease

cancer of the lymph tissue

tonsillitis

infected tonsils

internal respiration

exchange of gases between the blood and the cells of the body

diaphragm

muscle that seperates the chest and abdominal cavities

bronchi

tubes that lead into and out of each lung carrying oxygen and carbon dioxide

alveoli

exchange of gases in the lung take place here

pharynx

throat

trachea

windpipe

larynx

voice box

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

asthma

inflammatory condition in which the small airways in the lungs become narrowed, causing difficulty in breathing

pneunomia

inflammation of the lungs

pleurisy

inflammation of the membrane lining the lungs and chest cavity

tuberculosis

an infectious, bacterial disease of the lungs, characterized by tubercles or sores in the lung

emphysema

condition in which the alveoli burst and blend to form fewer, larger sacs with less surface area

sinuses

air-filled spaces that are in the nasal cavity that warm and moisten the air

red blood cells

carry oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues where it is exchanged for carbon dioxide

white blood cells

protect the body against infection and to fight infection when it occurs

pathogens

disease-carrying agents

pericardium

bag of tissue surrounding heart

endocardium

inside lining of heart

aorta

to all parts of the body

pulmonary artery and vein

go to alveoli through lungs to transfer carbon dioxide to get oxygen to bring back to heart

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set