lsat elab

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when starting any LR stimuli, the appropriate approach should be

exploit your peripheral vision by reading from the mid-point of the stimulus in order to scan the first sentence quickly for a nominal content complement that-clause reporting human thought or speech. if one exists, narrow your focus on understanding the proposition introduced as the grammatical object

when asked for the main point of the question, you must

identify the author's voice

when a speaker presents the opinion of |some|, you must

anticipate a counter argument, opposition or negation of the proposition previously introduced, with the premise located at the end and counter argument or opposing conclusion in the middle

when encountering the non-restrictive clause indicator |which,| you must

trim the fat by literally and completely cross-out entire clause

what is the difference between the coordinator |or| and the correlative coordinator |either/or|

the latter indicates mutual exclusivity, while the former does not

when an LR question asks what will help us evaluate an argument, you must

find an answer that is potentially a weakener in the argument

when encountering the correlative coordinator |either|, introducing two situations, you must

semantically stimulate the first alternative, then only when successful the second alternative following |or|

when encountering the subordinator |if|, you must

semantically simulate the first situation, then only when successful the second alternative following the comma

when an Assumption-family stimulus involves a study, you must

question the representativeness and reliability of the study

when encountering an answer choice in a flaw question that says something along the lines of, |it allows key term to shift meaning illicitly in the course of the argument|, you must

recognize that the flaw is formally called equivocation

when encountering the first few sentences of a stimulus that include phrases like, |Many philosophers have argued that|, and |They have also claimed that|, you must

do two things. 1. shift your attention to the nominal content or propositional clause introduced by the relativizer that. 2. expect a counter argument that opposes or negates the proposition, which is likely to introduce a premise of justification at the end of the paragraph.

when encountering the function word |of|, you must

use image schemas to simulate the precise relationship of the words directly before and after the function word |of|, that means mapping the item that comes before the word |of| onto and subordinate to the item that comes after

when an Assumption-family question has a premise as an answer choice, you must

realize that even though the negated proposition hurts the conclusion it cannot be an assumption because it is an explicit premise introduced by the speaker

when encountering the primary verb |be| and its variants, you must

derive the conjugations and remember all of them are equivalent to two specific the schemas of 1. identified + identifer. 2. carrier + attribute

when using the process of elimination from E to A, you will often find that you will save time because

the testmaker often buries correct answers toward the bottom, knowing that most test-takers will test from the top down

when encountering the preposition |by|, you must

decide if it is being used to introduce an instrument or means

when encountering the successive relational indicators, such as |lowers-highers|, you must

use embodied perceptional heuristics to semantically stimulate the relation, remembering that successful stimulation can only arise from contrasting and hurdling both sides of the see-saw or visualizing both poles of a continnum

when encountering the conditional indicator |only if|, you must

paraphrase that it also means |just in the circumstance that|

often the flow of the counter argument will precede like this. the first few sentences introduces the proponents claims. middle few sentences introduces the counter conclusion. and finally, the last few sentences introduces the premises. because of this,

you should not focus your attention on the first few sentences and focus on the link between the middle part containing the author|s conclusion and the last part containing the author|s support

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