hated organized religion.. deist, religion sould be private matter. critic and satirical writer. wrote Candide
encyclopedia. atheist. encyclopedia classified all human knowledge
The Spirit of the Laws, book that described an ideal system of government using checks and balances..
atheist, criticized christianity. Wrote Inquiry into Human Nature : tree falling in the forest argument.
economist.. laissez-faire economy: if everyone does whatever they want (allowed to pursue own goals), it will benefit everyone else.. and economy of the nation
reality and perception were two different things. science is valid. began search for "freedom to know" -- the englithenment
basic rights should be given to criminals. argued against capital punishment and torture.
historian who criticized christianity.. held it responsible for fall of roman empire
took the works of aristotle and harmonized them with teachings of church.
deductive thought, general principal with reason becomes scientific (instead of experimental method) "i think, therefore i am"
catholic that saw truth in calvinist predestination (doesn't that make him a calvinist?)
wrote Leviathan. created absolutism, human nature is messed up.. need absolute monarch to repress human evil.
contract with the state.. if government if oppresive, man has the right to rebel.