system of colonial government in which the imperialist power controlled all levels of government and appointed its own officials to govern the colony.
system of colonial government in which the imperialist power uses native leaders to carry out colonial rule.
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for imperialist expansion.
a meeting at which representatives of European nations agreed upon rules for the European colonization of Africa, A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa (1884-85)
a manmade waterway connecting the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, which was opened in 1869 reducing the travel time to the Far East
The revolt of Indian soldiers in 1857 caused by British insensitivity of Indian religious customs. (Rifle Cartridges)
East India Company
An English company formed in 1600 to develop trade with the new British colonies in India and southeastern Asia.
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government and eventual self rule
organization formed by Muslims in India to protect their interests against British Rule.
a conflict between Britain and China, lasting from 1839 to 1842, over Britain's opium trade in China ended by the Treaty of Nanjing
Peasant rebellion in China against the Qing Dynasty resulting in the deaths of 20-30 million
Treaty of Nanjing
"unequal treaty" to end Opium War in which China had to accept British terms for peace
Open Door Policy
A policy proposed by the US in 1899, under which ALL nations would have equal opportunities to trade in China.
Treaty of Kanagawa
An agreement by Japan with America, that Japan would open two ports to trade with the U.S. and would help shipwrecked U.S. sailors (1854)
The restoration of power to the Emporer and the reforms that were made including industrialization and modernization of Japan (1868)
A conflict that grew out of the rival imperialist ambitions of the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over Manchuria and Korea 1904-1905