Activity Limitations (ICF Model)
Difficulties an individual may have in executing activities.
The reasonable expectation
that the human body could behave in the manner
Proficiency of clinical skills and abilities, informed by
continually expanding knowledge, that individual
clinicians develop through experience, learning, and
reflection about their practice.
A process that integrates and evaluates data
obtained during a patient client examination, often resulting in a classification that guides prognosis, the plan of care, and subsequent interventions.
Disability: (Nagi model)
The inability or restricted ability to perform actions, tasks, and activities, related to required self-care, home management, work (job/school/play), community, and leisure roles in the individuals sociocultural context and physical context.
A dynamic process in which the physcial
therapist makes clinical judgments based on data gathered during the examination.
Any empirical observation about he apparent relation between events constitutes potential evidence.
A comprehensive screening and specific testing process leading to diagnostic classification or, as appropriate, referral to another practitioner.
Components of Examination
1) History, 2) Observation/inspection, 3)AROM, 4) PROM, 5) RROM, 6) Special Testing
Functional Limitations (Nagi Model)
Occur when impairments result in a restriction of the ability to perform a physical action, task or activity in an efficient, typically expected, or competent manner.
Alterations in the anatomical, physiological, or
psychological structures or functions that both 1) results from underlying changes in the normal states and 2) contributes to illness.
The purposeful use of various physical therapy
procedures and techniques, in collaboration with the
patient/client and, when appropriate, other care
The end result of patient/ client management, which includes the impact of physical therapy interventions; may be measured by the therapist or determined by self report
from the patient/client.
Pathology (Nagi Model)
A disease, disorder, or condition that is primarily identified at the cellular level" and is 1) characterized by a particular cluster of signs and symptoms and 2) recognized by the
patient/client or the practitioner as abnormal.
Participation restrictions (ICF Model)
Problems an individual may experience in involvement in life situations.
Patient Centered Care
Health care that customizes treatment
recommendations and decision making in response to patients preferences and beliefs... This partnership also is characterized by informed, shared decision making, development of patient knowledge, skills needed for self management of illness, and preventive
Activities that attempt to 1) prevent a target condition in susceptible or potentially susceptible
populations (primary prevention), 2) decrease the duration of illness, severity of disease, and sequellae through early diagnosis and intervention (secondary prevention), and 3) limit the degree of disability and promote rehabilitation and restoration of function in
patients with chronic and irreversible diseases (tertiary prevention).
Prediction of the natural course of a condition, or its development based upon previously-identified risk factors; also, the predicted optimal level of improvement through intervention and the amount of time required to achieve that level.