Arkansas - Multimedia II

57 terms by pwheeler

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Multimedia II vocabulary words in the following units: Video-Preproduction, Video-Production, Video-Postproduction, and Animation

Footage

term used to indicate videotape created with a camcorder

Panning

horizontal rotation of camera

Preproduction

planning video

Tilting

vertical rotation of the camera during a shot

Tripod

a three-legged mounting device for a camcorder

Videographer

a person skilled in the art or practice of making video shows or movies with a video camera

Zooming

the ability to bring an object closer or move away from an object

Video camera

a camera that takes continuous pictures by breaking down the image into a series of lines and generates a signal for display and recording

Backlight

a camcorder feature that boosts the video signal power to obtain optimal image brightness; also known as "automatic gain control"

White balance

a camcorder adjustment in which the videographer adjusts the color responses of the camera by showing the camcorder the color "white" under the current lighting conditions or selecting the icon on the display that best describes the lighting situation (indoor, outdoor, etc.)

Script

the audio portion (narration) of a project that gives details and information about the topic; the words said aloud by the characters in the video

Storyboard

representation of what each screen of a multimedia project will look like and how the screens are linked; often hand-drawn sketches

Codec

compression/decompression programs used to reduce the size of files

Cuts

two adjacent video clips with no transition; one clip is immediately replaced with another

Duration

setting length of clip/image

Fading

a dissolve to or from a background color (often black)

Frame

a single still image in a video or animation

Frame rate

the speed at which frames appear on a display, measured by frames per second

Frame size

also referred to as resolution, expressed by the horizontal and vertical dimensions, in pixels, of a frame; i.e., 640 by 480 pixels

Import

to bring information into a computer or computer program

Linear editing

editing in a sequential order; i.e., VHS, cassette tape

National Television Standard Committee (NTSC)

the standard broadcast system used in the United States and Japan

Phase Alternation Line (PAL)

the standard broadcast system used in Europe and Australia

Production

creating and editing video

Render

to build a preview or project

Scrubbing

manual preview

Superimpose

layering images or video

Chroma key

process whereby overlay cards display video on the screen and one of the colors becomes transparent; any place the transparent color appears, you see the video input

Frames per second (FPS)

how many frames (or individual pictures) display in one second

Nonlinear editing

not editing in a sequential order; i.e., CD, DVD

RCA cable

cable that usually has a yellow, a red, and a white plug that is used to connect a camcorder to a VCR, DVD, or capture card on a computer

Aspect ratio

ratio of width to height in the dimensions of a frame; i.e., frame aspect ratio of NTSC video is 4:3, some motion-picture frame sizes use a more elongated aspect ratio of 16:9

Timeline

part of video editing window that displays tracks

Title

adding words to video

Transition

special effects, such as fade in and fade out, that can be set to occur between frames in an animation

Video capture

the process of transferring video to the computer

Video editing

making changes to taped footage

Voice overlay

a voice track over music or video

Video Home System (VHS) tape

a strip of magnetic media - usually consisting of a plastic/Mylar base, a layer of metallic particles, and a bonding agent - onto which video and audio signals can be recorded

Audio Video Interleave (AVI)

the three-character filename extension for Microsoft Windows standard video format

Firewire

cable, also known as IEEE-1394, that carries digital video signals, which include audio, video, and control (stop, start, etc.) signals

Motion Picture Experts Group (MPEG)

a file format that provides frame-to-frame compression

Postproduction

final stages of video production

Universal Serial Bus (USB)

an external bus standard that supports data transfer rates of 480 mbps (480 million bits per second)

Windows Media Video (WMV)

video file format that can be viewed in Windows Media Player

MOV

file extension for a QuickTime movie

S-video

a video format that records a high-quality video signal on an SVHS videocassette that carries at least 400 lines of resolution but is the same size and shape as a regular VHS videocassette

Animation

a simulation of movement or the perception of motion created by the rapid display of a series of still images

Frame

a single still image in a video or animation

Looping

repeating a function until a certain condition is met

Morphing

animation technique in which one image is transformed into another image

Transition

special effects, such as "fade in" and "fade out," that can be set to occur between frames in an animation

Warping

a special effect that results in distortion of an image

Vector animation

moves an object along a predetermined path on the screen; the path could be a straight line or it could include any number of curves; often the object does not change, although it might be resized or reshaped; also known as path animation

Frame animation

a type of animation that is based on the changes that occur from one frame to another; sometimes known as cell animation

Rendering

the final step in creating a 3-D animation that involves giving objects attributes such as colors, surface textures, and degrees of transparency

Tweening

short for in-betweening, the process of generating intermediate frames between two images to give the appearance that the first image evolves smoothly into the second image

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