Psychology Exam (1st Semester)

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37 terms

Wilhelm Wundt

Early Psychologist; Experimental studies in reactions to sensory; had a laboratory

Random Sampling

Used in surveys; come from a LARGE population

Informed Consent

John B. Watson - Ethical Issues: Little Albert

Hypothalamus

The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system

Cure epileptic seizures

Affects of severed corpus callosum

Myelin Sheath

Degeneration of the ___________________ = sclerosis

Dopamine

Suffering from Parkinsons - low in the neurotransmitter...

Brain Stem

Nerves from the left side of the brain are routed to the right side of the body with the brain structure called the...

Sensation

The process of receiving and representing stimulus energies from the nervous system is

"The sum of the parts is greater than the whole"

Gestalt Psychologists' philosophy

Unconscious thought processes and childhood experiences

Psychoanalysts focus on...

Experiment

Causal relationship between variables

Anonymity

Publication of an experimental work - researchers would be concerned about...

Slip into a coma

If you sever a cat's reticular formation it would...

Parietal Lobes

Lobes of the brain that receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back...

Peripheral Nervous System

The somatic nervous system is a component of the...

Thalamus

Brain structure that relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex

Top-Down Processing

Prior experiences and current expectations

Sensory Adaption

Diminished sensitivity to an unchanged stimuli

MRI

The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use an...

PET Scan

The concentration of glucose in active regions of the brain underlies the usefulness of a...

Medulla

Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the...

Breathing; Walking

The medulla is to the control of_______ as the cerebellum is to the control of________

Thalamus

Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?

Hippocampus

Component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories

Frontal Lobes

Phineas Gage suffered a blow to his...

A larger area of the sensory cortex is associated with our lips

Our lips are more sensitive than our knees to sensations of touch because...

Left frontal lobe

Based on Broca's early work, which brain region is involved in speech production?

ART

HE appeared in the left visual field, ART in the right. When asked patients said they saw...

Corpus Callosum

Split-brain patients have had their _________ surgically cut

Right hemisphere

A patient who suffered a stroke says that she no longer recognizes herself on the mirror. Which brain structure was likely damaged in the stroke?

Left hemisphere

Someone trying to add a long series of three digit numbers is probably experiencing increased brain waves and blood flow to which brain structure?

Structuralism

The unreliability if introspection contributed to the waning popularity of...

William James

Charles Darwin believed that behaviors, such as the emotional expressions associated with human rage, would be explained by natural selection. Which early psychologist would be most likely to agree with Darwin's assessment?

Questioning

Critical thinkers can be described as...

Random Sampling

Which procedure helps ensure that the participants in a survey are representative of a larger population?

Random Assignment

Technique used to reduce the impact of confounding variables

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