Relating to genes or DNA
Something passed down genetically from parent to offspring
A characteristic that can be passed down genetically.
A process of cell division that produces haploid gametes
A haploid sex cell like a sperm cell or egg cell
Two complete sets of chromosomes
One complete set of chromosomes
A diploid cell formed when two haploid gametes unite
When gametes unite to form a zygote
Exchange of genetic material between two chromosomes in one cell during meiosis
One letter in a genotype
Parents each give offspring one of two alleles for a trait
The alleles or letters for a trait. Could be heterozygous, homozygous dominant, or homozygous recessive.
The physical result of a trait. Ex. brown eyes, tongue roller, widow's peak.
Capital letter. Will show always show that phenotype with one or two letters. Ex. Rr or RR
Lowercase letter. It takes two of these to show that phenotype. Ex. rr
Genotype with one dominant and one recessive allelle. Ex. Rr
Genotype with two dominant or two recessive alleles. Ex. RR or rr
Used to show a cross between two parents and predict their offspring's traits.