Religion

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Human Experience

homeless in nyc, ophans in peru, lepers in ghana. to see the beauty of the human person and resilience of human spirit

Invisible Children

joseph abducting children from their homes and forcing them to be soldiers in NU

What qualities do all religions have in common

1. experimental and emotional
2. artistic and material
3. narrative or mythic
4. doctrinal and philosophical
5. practical and ritual
6. social and institutional
7. ethical and legal

Examples of Commonalities

sacred stories/scripture
beliefs and practices
sacred time
sacred places/spaces

Why is it important that we study religions different from our own?

gain clearer understanding of our faith, and why we believe it, more accepting and open of different people, dispel false fears

How has Church teaching changed in ref to other faiths?

John 23 denounced rejection of JEws in Second Vatican to engage all different religions together, ecumenism, the realization that different religions can receive god's grace

How should we approach the study of religions

we must engage in dialogue with people of other religions and to be respectful and open

Big questions all religions seek?

what is the meaning of life? What is our purpose?

Catholic Social Teaching

Social justice teaching of the church dealing witht he body of Church doctrine originating from what god reveals about the truth of human dignity, human solidarity and the moral principles of justice and peace

CSJ roots

teachings of the hebrew prophets who proclaim god's special love for the poor. and called god's chosen people to be just, loving, and peace filled

Essential part of Catholic Faith

we are in the lord's presence in the world today and he needs our wisdom and idealism to help establish a just world. we can witness christian faith

1 Principle CST

1. Human Dignity

2 Principle CST

2. Respect for Life

3 Principle CST

3. Family, Community, Participation

4 Principle CST

4. Rights and duties

5 Principle CST

5. Common Good

6 Principle CST

6. Option for the Poor

7 Principle CST

7. Work and Workers

8 Principle CST

8. Solidarity

9 Principle CST

9. Stewardship

10 Principle CST

10. Peacemaking

View of Human person/God

Chrisitans view the human person as god's image aka the divine image. endowed with a human soul with two great powers- intellect and free will

Human Dignity

Human dignity recognizes that we are endowed with a value and are worthy of honor and esteem despite being sinners

Encyclical

Papal letter sent to all bishops of the Roman Catholic Church

Rerum Novarum

Pope Leo 13 1981
adresses the deplorable plight of the industrial workers. protection of the weak and poor

Virtue

Virtue is a habitual and firm disposition to do good

Cardinal Virtues

Prudence-faculty of right reason
Temperance-moderates the desire for physical goods
Justice-how we provide what is due to others
fortitude- the character to be courageous in conflict

Theological Virtues

given to us by god
Faith-power of belief
Hope-relying on God's effort and the holy spirit
Charity-virtue that empowers us to love our neighbor

Distributive Justice

speaks to the responsibility of basic human dignity to guarantee the sharing that is necessary to protect the common welfare

Commutative Justice

based on the principle between what is given and what is received between individuals and private groups

Legal Justice

opposite of distributive whereby citizens have a responsibility to the government such as following laws

Social Justice

seeks to apply the gospel to society structures to ensure all people have a fair say in social political and economic institutions

Charity and Justice

charity works immediate reactions
justice has long term effect

Biblical Foundations of justice

God's nature and action-jesus
Covenant-justice is symbolized and measured
Prophets-rise up to call the people to return to god and to remember the commands of justice
Jesus-god's love is incarnate
Our discipleship-justice is demanded of those who are baptized into the life death and resurrection of jesus

Common Good

the sum of spiritual conditions needed for a person to achieve full human dignity.

Elements of Common Good

Respect for person
the social well being and development
peace and security

SJ Encylicals and the Bishop's pastoral letter address

problems in the world having to do with social justice themes as well as dignity and rights of human beings which form the course of catholic social teaching.

nature of humanity

humans are naturally and innately good

subsidiary

teaches that justice and human welfare are best achieved at the most immediate level.

essay on the poor

preferential love for the poor that allows one to see things from the perspective of the poor and powerless and to assess lifestyle policies and social institution in terms of their impacts on the poor

Seamless Germent

represents all people of the world who are being protected by a garment from death. The fabric of our society rips and grays every time that the death penalty is used.

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