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Hypertension is indicated when pressures are greater than 140 mm Hg systolic 90 mm Hg diastolic.

True

Respirations above 25 breaths per minute in an adult are orthopnea.

False

A sphygmomanometer cuff that is too wide or too narrow will gibve inaccurate blood pressure readings.

True

Pulse is defined as the pressure of the blood pushing against the wall of a vein as the heart beats and rests.

False

Each "lubb-dupp" sound in the heart should be counted as two beats while taking an apical pulse.

False

A sphygmomanometer is used to take an apical pulse.

Fasle

Blood pressureis recorded is recorded as a fraction with the diastolic pressure listed over the systolic pressure.

False

Many health care professionals are now regarding the degree of pain as the fifth vital sign.

True

Orthostatic hypotension occurs when there is a sudden drop in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure when a person moves quickly from a standing to sitting postition

False

One respiration consists of one inspiration and expiration

True

Diastolic pressure occurs when the heart is contracting and pushing blood into the arteries.

False

A pulse deficit frequently occurs when the heart is weak and not pumping a sufficient amount of blood.

True

A clinical thermometer should be left in position for three minutes for an oral or rectal temperature

True

A pulse rate below 60 beats per minute is bradycardia

True

Gloves must be worn while taking a rectal temperature

True

Hyperthermia is a low body tempertaure

False

For the most accurate determination of a pulse deficit, one person should check the apical plse while a second person checks the radial pulse

True

Words sucj as strong or weak describe the rhythm of pulse

False

The health provider is to measure the client's blood pressyre. The equipment needed includes

Stethoscop a nd sphygmomanometer

The health practitioner uses cooling techniques to keep the body temperature below 105 degrees F because such elevated temperature can

damage body cells

To assess the apical pulse, the health provider should place the stethoscope on the

fifth intercostal space to the left of the midclacicular line

The nurse explains that the exchange of carbon dixiode and oxygen that takes place at the alevolar level is termed

internal respiration

The most accurate method for taking a temperature is

rectal

A pulse is described as regular it irregular by its

rhythm

A pulse rate over 100 beats per minute, except in children, is

tachycardia

Another term for fever is

pyrexia

A pusle site at the neck is the

carotid

Which is not considered as a vital sign?

apical pulse

When assessing an irregular heart rate the healthcare provider should count the beats for

1 full minute

You are taking vital signs of a 65-year-old woman. Her TPR is 99.6R-56-26. What would you report?

Pulse, respirations

The doctor explains to a patient that his fever that rises and falls but never returns to normal is classified as

remittent

The nurse determines that a client is experiencing bradypnea. this means

10 or fewer breaths per minute

Difficult or labored repirations are

Dyspnea

A client is experiencing acute pain. What changes would the nurse expect in the vital signs?

Increase in blood pressure and pulse

The nurse notes that a client has an elevated temperature that will return to normal at least once every 12 hours. this client is demonstrating which type of fever?

Intermittent

A popliteal pulse is found

behind the knee

The nurse is alarmed when a patient with a severe head injury of occipital lobe has a respiratory rate of 10, as she is aware that this may indicate an injury to the

Medulla oblongata

The pulse site used while taking a blood pressure is

brachial

The instructor explains that the pulse, the expansion, and contraction of an artery, is produced by the contraction of the

left ventricle

Cheyne-stokes respiration describes

periods of apnea and dyspnea

The nurse reminds the aide that the comatose patient's temperature should not be assessed by the mode of

oral

The number or speed of the heartbeats, pulse or respirations per minute is

rate

The emergency department doctor quickly assesses the temperature of an unconscious patient who has been outside all night in below-freezing temperatures. The nurse is aware that death can occur if the temperature falls below

93.2 degrees f

You are taking vital signs of a 45 year-old female her TPR is 97.6 axillary, 88, 20 BP 126/68. what vital sign would you report

none

A pulse is described as regular or irregular by its

rhythm

When assessing the blood pressure of an adult, the best indication of diastolic pressure is

when the sound disappears

A factor that does not increase blood pressure is

exercise

Using the tympanic thermometer for a child, the nurse will tug the ear pinna

downward and back

The part of the body that maintains a balance between heat production and heat loss, regulating body temperature, is the

hypothalamus

The measurement of the balance between heat produced and heat lost is

temperature

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