Cardiovascular System

Created by karisatter 

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40 terms · The heart and blood vessels

atrium

upper chambers of heart

ventricle

lower chambers of heart

left atrium

chamber that receives blood from LUNGS

right atrium

chamber that receives blood from BODY

vena cava

vessel that receives blood from the BODY

pulmonary vein

vessel that receives blood from the LUNGS

Aorta

Vessel that sends blood to body

Pulmonary Artery

Vessel that sends blood to lungs

left ventricle

contracts to send blood to aorta

right ventricle

contracts to send blood to pulmonary artery

aorta

largest artery in the body

pulse

Artery rising and falling due to blood gushing through vessel

blood pressure

force of blood pushing on artery walls

sphygmomanometer

instrument used to measure blood pressure

normal

120/80... high, low, or normal blood pressure?

high

140/90... high, low, or normal blood pressure?

low

100/60... high, low, or normal blood pressure?

heartbeat

the lub dub sound created when valves in the heart shut

red blood cell

part of blood that carries oxygen

white blood cell

part of blood the fights infection

platelets

part of blood that clots

plasma

liquid part of blood

antigen

marker to distinguish type of blood cell

antibody

marker to distinguish the type of blood it will reject

hemoglobin

attaches oxygen to red blood cells

type a

antigen of A, antibody of B

type b

antigen of B, antibody of A

type o

no antigen, antibody A and B

type AB

antigen of A and B, no antibody

type A

donates to A, AB, receives from A, O

type B

donates to AB, B, receives from O, B

type o

donates to AB, B, O, A, receives from O

type AB

donates to AB, receives from A, B, AB, O

atherosclerosis

build up of fatty material in arteries

heart attack

build up of fatty material in heart artery

stroke

build up of fatty material in brain artery

hypertension

high blood pressure

sickle-cell anemia

genetic disorder where red blood cells are mis-shaped.

hemophilia

disease causing blood NOT to clot

bruise

broken capillaries, causes blood to pool under skin

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