Medical Terminology Ch.9

50 terms by jensiefoo 

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uremia

blood condition of urine

organs of the urinary system

2 kidneys, 2 ureters, one urinary bladder, and a urethra

balance of proper electrolytes and water

what does homeostasis regulate in the kidney?

what you would expect to find in a normal UA

clear, pale yellow to deep gold, pH 5.0-8.0, no protein, no glucose, no ketones, no blood

poorly controlled diabetes, dehydration, starvation, and ingestion of large amounts of aspirin

what does the presence of ketones in the urine indicate?

protein

a pregnant woman with preeclampsia may have what in her urine?

glomerul/o

combining form for glomerulus

-urea

suffix for urine

sodium, Potassium, Chloride, and Bicarbonate

list all the electrolytes that are associated with the kidney function

nephrolith

kidney stone

cystoplasty

surgical repair of the bladder

nephroptosis

drooping kidney

nephromalacia

kidney softening

urethralgia

pain in the urethra

pyelitis

renal pelvis inflammation

hematuria

blood in the urine

dysuria

difficult urination

oliguria

scanty amount of urine

azotemia

accumulation of nitrogenous waste in the blood stream

frequency

the urge to urinate, without an increase in total daily volume of urine

urgency

feeling the need to urinate immediately

renal colic

pain associated with a kidney stone

stricture

narrowing of a path in the urinary system

glomerulonephritis

condition that allows RBCs and protein to enter the filtrate

nephroptosis

condition of a floating kidney is called what?

retention of urine and loss of nervous control

a neurogenic bladder results in what?

bladder cancer

hematuria may be a symptom of what?

hydronephrosis

what condition affects the renal pelvis?

nephrolithiasis

medical term for a person suffering from stones in the kidney

nocturia

condition of frequent nighttime urination

polyuria

condition of too much urine

blood urea nitrogen

test that measures the amount of nitrogenous waste in the blood

creatinine clearance

lab test that requires the collection of urine for 24 hours

urine culture and sensitivity

lab tests that are used to identify an infection of the kidney

excretory urography

x-ray of organs of the urinary system using a dye injected into the bloodstream

cystography

test that visualizes the bladder with x-rays after inserting dye directly into the bladder

NP intravenous pyelogram

abbreviation for x-ray that visualizes the renal pelvis with dye

extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy

use of ultrasound waves to break up kidney stones - noninvasive

hemodialysis

medical term for an artificial kidney machine

nephromegaly

enlarged kidney

nephroma

kidney tumor

uremia

condition when waste products are allowed to build up in the blood

HCO3

bicarbonate

K

potassium

BUN

Blood urea nitrogen

KUB

Kidneys, ureters, bladder

UA

urinalysis

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

ESWL

extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy

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