Medical Terminology, Chapter 1 Terms, Intro to Medical Terminology

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Medical terminology terms

abdominocentesis

the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid

abnormal

not normal or away from normal

acronym

a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term

acute

a condition that has a rapid onset, a severe course, and a relatively short duration

addiction

drawn toward or a strong dependence on a drug or substance

angiogram

the film produced by angiography

angiography

the process of producing a radiograph (x-ray) study of the blood vessels after the injection of a contrast medium

appendectomy

the surgical removal of the appendix

appendicitis

an inflammation of the appendix

arteriomalacia

the abnormal softening of the walls of an artery or arteries

arterionecrosis

the tissue death of an artery

arteriosclerosis

the abnormal hardening of the walls of an artery or arteries

arteriostenosis

the abnormal narrowing of an artery or arteries

arthralgia

pain in a joint or joints

arthroscopy

the visual examination of the internal structure of a joint

atheroma

a fatty deposit within the wall of an artery

cardiac

pertaining to the heart

colostomy

the surgical creation of an artificial excretory opening between the colon and the body surface

colotomy

a surgical incision into the colon

cranium

the portion of the skull that encloses the brain

cyanosis

blue discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of adequate oxygen in the blood

dermatologist

a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating disorders of the skin

diagnosis

the identification of a disease

diarrhea

the frequent flow of loose or watery stools

dysfunctional

an organ or body part that is not working properly

edema

swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues

endarterial

pertaining to the interior or lining of an artery

eponym

a disease, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered or described it first

erythrocyte

a mature red blood cell

euthyroid

a normally functioning thyroid gland

fissure

a groove or crack-like sore of the skin

fistula

an abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body

gastralgia

pain in the stomach

gastritis

an inflammation of the stomach

gastrodynia

pain in the stomach

gastroenteritis

an inflammation of the stomach and small intestine

gastrosis

any disease of the stomach

hemorrhage

the loss of a large amount of blood in a short time

hepatomegaly

abnormal enlargement of the liver

hypertension

higher than normal blood pressure

hypotension

lower than normal blood pressure

ileum

the last and longest portion of the small intestine

ilium

part of the hip bone

infection

the invasion of the body by a pathogenic (disease producing) organism

inflammation

a localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues

interstitial

between, but not within, the parts of a tissue

intramuscular

within the muscle

laceration

a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound

lesion

a pathologic change of the tissues due to disease or injury

leukocyte

a white blood cell

melanosis

any condition of unusual deposits of black pigment in body tissues or organs

mycosis

any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus

myelopathy

any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord

myopathy

any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue

myoplasty

the surgical repair of a muscle

myorrhaphy

the surgical suturing of a muscle wound

myorrhexis

the rupture of a muscle

natal

pertaining to birth

neonatology

the study of disorders of the newborn

neuritis

inflammation of a nerve or nerves

neuroplasty

the surgical repair of a nerve

otorhinolaryngology

the study of the ears, nose, and throat

palpation

an examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts

palpitation

a pounding or racing heart

pathology

the study of all aspects of diseases

perinatal

the time and events surrounding birth

phalanges

the bones of the fingers and toes

poliomyelitis

a viral infection of the gray matter of the spinal cord

postnatal

the time and events after birth

prenatal

the time and events before birth

prognosis

a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder

prostate

a male gland that lies under the urinary bladder and surrounds the urethra

prostrate

to collapse and be lying flat or to be overcome with exhaustion

pyelitis

an inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyoderma

any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection

pyrosis

discomfort due to the regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus

remission

the temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure

sign

objective evidence of disease such as a fever

subcostal

below a rib or ribs

supination

the act of rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is forward or upward

suppuration

the formation or discharge of pus

supracostal

above or outside the ribs

symptom

subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or a headache

syndrome

a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process

tonsillectomy

the surgical removal of the tonsils

tonsillitis

an inflammation of the tonsils

trauma

wound or injury

triage

the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment

viral

pertaining to a virus

virile

having the nature, properties, or qualities of an adult male

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