NKMS PLANT VOCAB

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Sixteen Vocabulary Terms from chapter 8

Eukaryote

An organism whose cells have a nucleus

Cuticle

the waxy, waterproof layer that covers the leaves and stems of most plants

Non-vascular Plant

a low-growing plant that lacks true vascular tissue

Vascular Plant

Plant with tube-like structures that move minerals, water, and other substances throughout the plant.

Vascular Tissue

system of tube-like structures inside a plant through which water, minerals, and food move

Frond

The leaf of a fern plant

Zygote

A cell formed by the union of an egg and sperm cell

Xylem

the vascular tissue through which water and nutrients move in some plants

Phloem

the vascular tissue through which food is moved down in some plants

Fertilization

the process in which an egg cell and a sperm cell join to form a new organism

Germination

the process whereby seeds or spores sprout and begin to grow

Seed

the plant structure that contains a young plant inside a protective covering

Embryo

the young plant that develops from the zygote

Dispersal

Spreading seeds far away from the parent plant.

Cotyledon

a seed leaf that stores food

Stomata

the small openings on the undersides of most leaves through which oxygen and carbon dioxide can move

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