mountain range in South Asia that includes Mount Everest the world's tallest peak
large landmass that is smaller than a continent
land that is rich farmland, composed of clay, silt, sand, or gravel deposited by running water
group of islands
ringlike coral island or string of small islands surrounding a lagoon
a seasonal wind
violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain
the dominant religion of India
river in South Asia; an important water resource flowing more than 1500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal
high water level brought by a cyclone that swamps loy-lying areas
an arm of the sea at the lower end of a river
the Muslim Empire established by the early 1500s over much of India, which brought with it new customs that sometimes conflicted with those of native Hindus
the period of direct British control
protest movement that does not use violence to achieve its goals
the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers
an agricultural program launched by scientists in the 1960s to develop higher-yielding grain varieties and improce food production by incorporating new farming techniques
Aryan system of social classes
Indus Valley civilzation
the largest of the world's first civilzations in what is now Pakistan; this was a highly developed urban civilization, lasting from 2500 b.c. to about 1500 b.c.
separation; division into two or more territiorial units having separate political status
a region of northern India and Pakistan over which several destructive wars have been fought
a small loan available to poor entrepreneurs, to help small businesses grow and raise living standards
people who start and build a business
a month long period of fasting from sunrise to sunset
an Indo-Aryan people who crossed the strait separating India and Sri Lanka in the sixth century b.c. and who created an advanced civilization there, adopting Buddism
a Dravidian Hindu, who arrived in Sri Lanka in the fourth century, settling int he north while the Sinhalese moved further south
ruler of a Muslim country
50 million years ago when a part of East Africa split off, drifted northward, and collided into Central Asia
how and when was south asia formed?
Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra
what are the three largest rivers in South Asia?
where is the source of the threee largest rivers in south asia?
kingdoms in which the ruler's powers are limited by a consitution
what is a person of Tibetan ancestry in Nepal, who serves as the traditional mountain guide of the Mount Everest region called?
the founder of Buddhism and known as the Budda, born in southern Nepal in the sixth century
geometric designs that are symbols of the universe and aid in meditation
food, clothing, shelter
the inability to read
a wind system that blows from the southwest across the Indian Ocean toward South Asia from June through September, carry a lot of moisture
a wind system that blows from the northeast across the Himalayas toward the sea from October to February, carry little moisture
what is the only european country that held claim over the Kashmir Valley
159 million. 90% Muslim, Resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal. Huge delta formed by five rivers, including sacred Ganges & Brahmaputra. One of the rainiest countries in the world. East Pakistan seceded in 1971; West Pakistan attacked; India helped ____ nation and _____was eventually created. Cyclone-driven tidal wave killed 250,000
Land of the dragons. Buddhism 70%.
Resources: hydropower, gypsum. Language: Dzongkha (Tibetan dialect). Many monasteries located in the country. Border issues with northern neighbor China. Geography and architecture resemble fabled Shangri-la.
Population: 1,270,000,000 (second-largest);
1/3 the size of the US); Hindus: 83%. Muslim 11% 850 dialects, Indus Valley Civilization one of world's oldest; gained independence from British in 1947; the world's largest democracy; three main rivers: Indus, Brahmaputra, Ganges; Himalaya Mountains dominate
Resources: coal (fourth largest) and opium (illegal)
Hinduism: 80%; Buddhism 10%. Himalayas cover 90% of ____-includes eight of the tallest peaks in the world. Believed to be birthplace of Buddha in 50 B.C.; Resources: quartz, copper, cobalt, cannabis and hashish (illegal); border issues with India; only country in the world without a rectangle flag
95% Muslim; Language: Urdu; Largest industry is cotton and cotton goods; created by Jinnah as a homeland for Muslim minorities living in India; Bhutto elected as Prime Minister in 1988, the first woman ever chosen to lead a Muslim state; assassinated in 2007; has engaged in three wars with India over disputed Kashmir territory; controls Khyber Pass and Bolan Pass, the traditional invasion routes between Central Asia and India
Island off the southeast coast of India; called Ceylon until 1972; Buddhism 69%; Resources: limestone and graphite; Hindu Tamil minority waging guerilla warfare for independence from majority Sinhalese Buddhist majority; Adams Bridge: twenty islands in eighteen-mile-long chain that used to link with India
Tiny island nation (group of atolls about 1.7 times the size of Washington D.C.) off southwestern coast of India; Muslim official religion; became a republic in 1968; officials of this country play prominent role in international climate change discussions; Resources: fish and tourism; human trafficking a major problem