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Matter

anything that has matter and takes up space; not forms of energy such as heat & electricity

Mass

the measure of the amount of matter an object contains (measures in units of grams (g))

Volume

the measure of space that an object takes up (measured in units of liters (L))

Density

the ratio of the mass of an object to its volume (measured in units of grams per liters (g/L))

Extensive Property

a property that depends on the amount of matter in an object

Intensive Property

a property that depends on the type of matter and not the amount

Substance

matter that has uniform and definite composition; either an element or compound

Physical Property

a trait of a substance that can be used for identification, without changing a composition of a substance

Solid

a form of matter that has definite shape and volume

Liquid

a form of matter that has an indefinite shape and definite volume

Gas

a form of matter that has both an indefinite shape and volume

Vapor

another word for gas (a liquid in gaseous form)

Metal

It is sometimes magnetic, conducts electricity & is a medium for heat

Metalloid

holds both metal and non-metal properties

Luster

a property of metal & means shiny

Malleable

a property of metal & can shift shape or bend

Ductile

a property of metal & can be made into wires

Conductivity

a property of metal that sends heats or electricity

Non-Metal

anything that isn't metal

Phase Change

a change in the physical state of a substance

Physical Change

a change in which some properties of a material change,but

Mixture

a blend of two or more substances without the use of a chemical reactions (physically blended)

Heterogeneous Mixture

a mixture that is NOT uniform in composition

Homogeneous Mixture

a mixture that IS uniform in composition

Solution

type of homogeneous mixture having something dissolved into something else

Phase

a part of a mixture that has the same composition and properties

Filtration

a process that separates a solid from a liquid in a heterogeneous mixture

Distillation

a process used to separate substances of different boiling points, either solids or liquids; the substance is then condensed back into a liquid

Element

most simple form of matter that has a unique set of properties and CANNOT be broken down into a simpler substance by a chemical reaction

Compound

a substance that contains two or more elements chemically combined and CAN be broken into simpler substances by a chemical reaction

Chemical Change

type of change in which a different type of matter is produced

Chemical Property

the ability of a substance to undergo a specific chemical change

Chemical Symbol

a one or two- letter representation of an element found on the Periodic Table

Chemical Reaction

when one or more substances react to form one or more substances

Precipitate

the formation of a solid during a chemical reaction

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