Chapter 12 American History

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american history for chapter 12 reconstruction

Radical Republicans

These were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.

Thaddeus Stevens

A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress.

Wade-Davis Bill

bill passed by congress and vetoed by president lincoln that would have given congress control of reconstruction

Freedman's Bureau

provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites

Reconstruction act of 1867

a.) put the South under military rule b.)Ordered states to hold new elections for deleagates to creat new state constitutions c.) Required all states to allow all qualified male voters to vote in elections d.) Barred those who supported the Confederacy from voting. e.) Required southern states to guarante

black codes

Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves

14th amendment

Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws

15th amendment

citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude

scalawag

white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest

carpetbagger

Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction

Hiram revels

first African American senator

sharecropping

system in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a half of their crops

tenant farming

system of farming where farmers rented their land from the landowner, and were allowed to grow what ever crop the prefered and did not have to give the owners any crops

ku klux klan

founded in the 1860s in the south; meant to control newly freed slaves through threats and violence; other targets: Catholics, Jews, immigrants and others thought to be un-American

panic of 1873

Four year economic depression caused by overspeculation on railroads and western lands, and worsened by Grant's poor fiscal response (refusing to coin silver

redemption

southern democrats starting to recapture state governments

Compromise of 1877

Ended Reconstruction. Republicans promise 1) Remove military from South, 2) Appoint Democrat to cabinet (David Key postmaster general), 3) Federal money for railroad construction and levees on Mississippi river

home rule

the ability to run state governments without federal intervention

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