Chapter 24 Geo

33 terms by carpediem-stars 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

jati

a group that identifies one's occupation and social position in Hindu culture

megalopolis

chain of closely linked metropolitan areas

Islamabad

capital of Pakistan

Mumbai

also known as Bombay; India's largest city and a major port on the Arabian Sea

Kolkata

also known as Calcutta; a thriving port city on a branch of the Ganges river; center of India's steel industry

Delhi

India's third largest city

Dhaka

capital of Bangladesh; world's second-most densely populated urban area (Lagos, Nigeria is the most)

Karachi

booming port city of Pakistan

dharma

moral duty; according to Hindu belief everyone must carry out his or hers

Indus River Valley

location of one of the world's ancient civilizations that developed a strong central government, a writing system, and thriving trade

Mohenjo Daro and Harappa

located in the ancient Indus River Valley, may have been the world's first cities

reincarnation

rebirth after death as another living being, according to Hinduism

karma

in Hinduism, the sum of good and bad actions in one's former lives

nirvana

state of insight, calm, and joy that is reached through enlightenment; ultimate goal of Hindus

Mauryan Empire

controlled most of the Indian Peninsula from 320-180 B.C.

Asoka

last and greatest Mauryan emperor; promoted Buddhism and non-violence

Gupta Empire

great Hindu empire that ruled India from 320-550 A.D.; science, technology, and arts flourished

raj

the Hindu word for empire; what the British called India when they ruled it

guru

teacher

Sikhism

religion that teaches that there is one god and that good deeds and meditation bring release from the cycle of reincarnation

mantra

repetitive prayers chanted by monks

sadhu

holy man in India that travels from temple to temple with a towel and a begging bowl

stupas

Buddhist domed shrines

dzong

fortified monastery of Bhutan

bharata natyam

style of dance based on Hindu mythology

kathakali

ancient style of dance in India

Taj Mahal

beautiful mausoleum at Agra, India built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan as a tomb for his wife

New Delhi

capital of India

Mahabharata and Ramayana

India's two great epic poems

masala

mixture of pungent spices that make up curry

chador

the robe and veil that many Islamic women wear

Jainism

practice strict nonviolence, believing that every living thing has soul

the Vedas

sacred writings brought by the Aryans that served as the basis for the caste system in India.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set