A direct comparison between two usually unrelated things. Always uses like or as
Example: As sick as a dog.
Saying the opposite of what one means. Also called Litotes
Example: Saying you did ok on a test when you got a 100.
Giving human characteristics to inanimate objects, ideas, or animals.
Example: Fear knocked on the door
The technique of mentioning a part of something to represent the whole thing
Example: That's a great set of wheels.
Addressing someone or something, usually not present, as if they were present
Example: O Captain! My Captain!
The repetition of consonant sounds within words or at the ends of words.
Example: Slowly, silently, he slyly crept down the stairs
The uses of the same beginning (usually consonant) sound in a series of words
Example: Molly milks her cow Mary every morning.
The use of words that sound like what they mean.
Example: The car zoomed by us
An exaggeration for the sake of emphasis. It is not to be take literally
Example: I've told you a million times
The repetition of vowel sounds in a series of words
Example: The shadow can land in San Francisco.
An indirect (or implied) comparison between two usually unrelated things. DOES NOT use like or as
Example: The assignment was a breeze
It's going to be clear skies from now on
The substitution of word naming an object for another word closely associated with it.
Example: Houston won yesterday's game