Medical Terminology Ch. 3

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78 terms · Definitions

acute

sharp, sudden, and intense for a short period of time

adenocarcinoma

cancerous tumor from glandular cells

adenoma

a non-cancerous tumor of glandular cells

amniocentesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid from the amnion

anastomosis

new surgical connection between two unconnected bowel parts, vessels

angiography

x-ray recording of blood vessels

angioplasty

surgical repair of a blood vessel

arteriosclerosis

hardening of arteries

arthralgia

pain in a joint

arthropathy

disease of joints

atherosclerosis

hardening of arteries

axillary

pertaining to the armpit or underarm

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchial tubes

bronchoscopy

visual exam of bronchial tubes

carcinoma

cancerous tumor

cardiomegaly

enlargement of the heart

cardiomyopathy

disease of heart muscle

chemotherapy

treatment with drugs for cancer

cholecystectomy

removal of the gallbladder

chronic

lasting a long time

colitis

inflammation of the colon (large intestine)

colostomy

opening of the colon to the outside of the body

colocolostomy

new surgical connection between two unconnected portions of the colon

craniotomy

incision of the skull

cystitis

inflammation of the urinary bladder

dialysis

complete blood separation of wastes from blood when the kidneys fail

electroencephalography

process of recording the electricity in the brain

encephalopathy

disease of the brain

erythrocytosis

abnormal condition of increased red blood cells

esophageal

pertaining to the esophagus

esophagitis

inflammation of the esophagus

hematuria

abnormal condition of blood in the urine

hemorrhage

bursting forth of blood

hysterectomy

removal of the entire uterus and cervix

infarction

area of dead tissue caused by decreased blood flow to that part of the body

inguinal

pertaining to the groin

ischemia

dificiency of blood flow to a part of the body

laparoscopy

visual exam of the abdomen

laparotomy

incision of the abdomen

laryngitis

inflammation of the larynx (voice box)

laryngoscopy

visual exam of the larynx (voice box)

leukemia

cancerous white blood cells in the blood and bone marrow

leukocytosis

increase of white blood cells due to infection

mammogram

x-ray record of the breast

mammography

process of making x-ray recording of the breast

mammoplasty

surgical repair of the breast

mastectomy

removal of the breast

meningitis

inflammation of the meninges

menorrhagia

excessive bleeding from the uterus during the time of MENSTRUATION

menorrhea

normal discharge of blood & tissue from the uterine lining during menstruation

myalgia

pain in the muscle

myelogram

x-ray image of the spinal cord

myeloma

cancerous tumor in the bone marrow

myocardial

pertaining to the muscle of the heart

myoma

non-cancerous tumor of muscle

myosarcoma

cancerous tumor of muscle

necrosis

death of cells

nephrosis

abnormal condition of the kidney

neuralgia

nerve pain

oophorectomy

removal of ovary/ies

otalgia

pain in an ear

pelvic

pertaining to the bones in the hip region

peritoneal

pertaining to the peritoneum

phlebitis

inflammation of a vein

phlebotomy

incision of a vein

pneumonia

abnormal condition of the lungs (inflammation & collection of material in the air sacs)

pulmonary

pertaining to the lungs

radiotherapy

treatment of cancer disease w/ high-energy x-rays

renal

pertaining to the kidney

rhinoplasty

surgical repair of the nose

rhinorrhea

discharge from the nose

salpingectomy

removal of a fallopian tube

septicemia

infection in the blood (blood poisoning)

thoracentesis

surgical puncture of the chest to remove fluid

tonsillectomy

removal of a tonsil/s

tracheostomy

opening of the trachea to the outside of the body

uremia

abnormal condition of excessive amounts of urea in the bloodstream

vascular

pertaining to the blood vessels

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