Hagadus Chapter 23 Review Complete 2012

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19th Amendment

Constitutional amendment that gave women the right to vote.

Langston Hughes

African American writer.

Ku Klux Klan

Secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep Africa Americans from obtaining their civil rights.

Nativism

Strong anti- immigrant feelings swept the country.

Easy Credit

The begining of installment plans, being able to pay down on something.

Marcus Garvey

A important black nationalist born in Jamaica and he founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association.

Henry Ford

He designed the "Model T" with his engineers the design was to be durable, reliable and easy to repair.

Al Capone

1925 gangster, he took control of Chicago's bootlegging business.

Babe Ruth

A professional baseball player in 1927. Ruth hit 60 home runs for the New York Yankees.

Warren G. Harding

Senator of Ohio to run for president and his running mate was Calvin Coolidge. Harding ran on a pro-business platform.

Clarence Darrow

A famous criminal defense attorney, and the American Civil Liberties Union. Defended Charles Scopes.

William Jennings Bryan

A three time presidential canadate led the prosecution in the " Monkey Trials" (Scopes Trial) against the teachings of evolution in schools.

Sacco and Vanzetti

Had been found guilty of murdering a factory paymaster and guard last year and stealing their wages.

Universal Negro Improvement Association

This group wanted to end imperialism in Africa and discrimination in the United States.

Labor Strikes

The members of the Metal Workers Union in Seatlle walked off the job demanding higher pay and hours.

Teapot Dome Scandal

Scandal during President Warren G. Harding's administration involving the secretary of the interior Albert Fall's illegal leasing of oil reserves in return for personal gifts.

Herbert Hoover

was a wealthy mining engineer, became president. Hoover had organized wartime relief for millions of Belgians.

Calvin Coolidge

was the running mate of Warren G. Harding in Ohio.

Black Tuesday

October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed. Lead to the Panic of 1929.

F. Scott Fitzgerald

Was part of both the jazz age and the lost generation. Wrote books encouraging the flapper culture, and books scorning wealthy people being self-centered.

18th amendment

constutional amendment that outlawed the production,sale,and transportation of alcholic beverages in the United States ;repealed with 21st amendment.

Andrew Mellon

United States financier and philanthropist (1855-1937)

farming industry

Suffered the most during the market crash, people had no money, lowered the price of crops.

Alfred E.Smith

He was the Democratic presidential candidate in the 1928 election. He was the first Catholic to be elected as a candidate.

Harding administration

Ohio group called the Ohio gang., Harding was a poor leader, so he surrounded himself with a strong cabinet- his old friends from Ohio known as the OHIO GANG. They turned out to be corrupt

mass media

(newspapers,magazines,movies,and radio) Means of communication that reach large audiences

NAACP

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to work for racial equality.

W.E.B Dubois

1st black to earn Ph.D. from Harvard, encouraged blacks to resist systems of segregation and discrimination, helped create NAACP in 1910.

jazz age

Name of new music in the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime.

Louis Armstrong

Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians.

Organized crime

a business operation that supplies illegal goods and services for profit.

education during 1920s

More Americans attended High School and College during this time.

John T.Scopes

An educator in Tennessee who was arrested for teaching evolution. This trial represented the Fundamentalist vs the Modernist. The trial placed a negative image on fundamentalists, and it showed a changing America.

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